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Human Trafficking Essay

1313 words - 6 pages

Human Trafficking
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) defines human trafficking as “the acquisition of people by improper means such as force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them”. UNODC notes that every country of the world is affected by human trafficking crimes. Therefore, the United States is not an exception. Smuggling of migrants is also often labelled as human trafficking although there are certain distinctions between them. At the same time, Chacon (2986) fairly points out: “the line between smuggling and trafficking is becoming increasingly blurry”. The United States is an attractive country for migrants from all over the world. Illegal migration is one ...view middle of the document...

Some smuggling also takes place through the sea. Thus, in 2011 the US Coast board caught almost a thousand of Cubans and more than two hundred of Dominicans who attempted to penetrate into the country from the sea (UNODC 17).
Human trafficking has a significant impact on the US economy. Firstly, it induces enormous budget expenditures. Thus, it is estimated that the US government spends approximately $ 200 million a year on human trafficking and all forms of slavery (Bales and Soodalter 157). In 2010, there was a dramatic increase in expenditures to fight human trafficking. The expenditure was increased by $12 million (Alliance To End Slavery and Trafficking). Furthermore, human trafficking increases illegal migrant population of the United States. Federation for American Immigration Reform conducted a study which demonstrates that illegal migrants cost to the country about $113 billion a year (Barnes). At the same time, the opponents of the Federation for American Immigration Reform argue that illegal migrants contribute $245 billion to Gross Domestic Product (Barnes). This dispute shows that, in fact, it is very difficult to estimate the impact of illegal migration on the US economy. On the one hand, illegal migration increases public expenditure. As it has been described earlier, the US government spends a lot of money to fight human trafficking and illegal migration. Also, the majority of illegal migrants do not pay taxes but use the infrastructure and services which are covered with taxpayers’ money. In 2007, the Congressional Budget Office conducted a study which concluded that state and local governments spend money to provide services for undocumented immigrants (Congressional Budget Office 3). The study also found that state and local governments have little opportunities to avoid such expenditures (Congressional Budget Office 3). On the other hand, illegal migrants produce values. Furthermore, illegal migrants increase consumer spending, which is an important driver for the US economy. The positive economic effect of illegal migration is especially evident in the case of Texas. In recent years, while the country experiences a severe recession, Texas, actually, managed to show economic growth. Khimm claims that the Texas economic boom is associated with illegal migrants. Texas is one the states dramatically affected by illegal migration. Recent tragic accident with illegal migrants who died in a lorry crash near Goliad (Fernandez) is a reminder of this fact. Fernandez writes that the “smugglers of illegal immigrants often use the highways and roads to travel from the border to Houston, Dallas and other cities north, or to head from the border to a South Texas stash house — an apartment or rental home where they wait for the next leg of their journey”. Illegal migrants are employed in many industries, which drive the Texas economy (Khimm). Thus, illegal migrants are employed in the service industry, construction and agriculture...

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