AN ESSSY ON
THE POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITATIONS PRESENTED BY THE NEW LIBERAL APPROACH OF HUMAN SECURITY
1. ‘Human Security’ is an emerging paradigm which is used to understand contemporary security issues that affect the individual rather than the state. The notion of ‘National Security’ where the perceived threat came from another state intending to attack other states borders is being re-viewed. “Ideally, ‘national security’ and ‘human security’ should be mutually reinforcing, for the past 100 years far more people have died as a direct or indirect consequence of the actions of their own governments or rebel forces in civil wars than have been killed by ...view middle of the document...
Although primarily an analysis of development crisis facing the post- Cold War world, it also adopted a key postulate that, if applied, would have major implications for security politics”. 3 Although these categories are still to be defined by the international community, they are recognisable as a framework for the ‘human security’ issues. By being able to recognise and understanding the primary elements, the ‘Human Security’ threats can be identified earlier and can act as ‘triggers’ for the early recognition of potential issues.
4. Understanding these ‘triggers’ will enable states to devise complex strategies that will allow for the possibility of early intervention by the international community. It is understood that due to the diversity and complexity of the range of issues within the broad categories, multiple strategies may be required. “International initiatives - such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) present realistic opportunities to enhance human security”. 4 These initiatives rely heavily on support from the international community and require commitment by nations in order to be effective. The development of strategies by nations would serve to enhance the relationships between government agencies (including military and police forces), non-government organisations and international humanitarian agencies. This in turn would allow for better cooperation and planning and achieve a more targeted level of support.
5. The ability to foresee and to predict issues prior to the culmination of the event should be harnessed where practicable by the international community. Strategies enable orchestrated action which can potentially offset the negative effect on human life and minimise the impact on other states, thus containing the problems and enhancing the provision of aide by local governments, foreign countries and international aid agencies.
6. In addition to the possibilities of complex strategies, and in direct support of the actions entailed within them, the paradigm of ‘Human Security’ has the possibility to provide a very coordinated, targeted and effective approach to the issues. Throughout the international community there are numerous nations which are already committed to supporting the needs of the individual within the ‘human security’ construct.
7. Not all of these nations such as Japan and Canada agree on the priorities within the spectrum of issues and therefore plan and act in different ways in relation to the issues. For example;” the Japanese government has focused on ‘freedom from want’ and the impact on human security of economic downturns”. 5 “To facilitate this Japan established The Trust Fund for Human Security through the UN with contributions from Japan”. 6 “Canada has focused on ’freedom from fear’ as the pillar of its human security doctrine. As part of its security agenda Canada has promoted initiatives such as the...