Leadership and Management must go hand in hand. Leaders, in an organization set up rise from the ranks of Mangers. Leadership and Management are not the same thing but they are necessarily linked and complementary. Any effort to separate the two is likely to cause more problems than it solves though it is necessary to differentiate between Managers and Leaders. While every leader may not be a manager, every manager should be a leader. A manager who lacks effective leadership traits will drive a business into the ground faster than we can all imagine. In this assignment, the writer is going to give Scholarly definition of a manager and that of a leader and differentiate between managers and ...view middle of the document...
A leader is someone who leads the other, who has a vision, drive and a commitment to achieve that vision and skills to make it happen” and a Manager can be defined as “somebody responsible for people and other resources with the goal of getting the work done as efficiently as possible”. The goal of the manager is to execute the directions promoted by the leader.
Leaders may not be managers because the word “leader is a generalized term as there are different types of leaders. There are charismatic leaders who gain influence mainly from the strength of personality for example Napoleon and Adolf Hitler. Another issue is that leadership traits cannot be acquired by training but can only be modified by it. There are also traditional leaders whose positions are assured by birth for example Kings and tribal chieftainship. There are also situational leaders whose influence can only be effective by being at the right place and at the right time for example Napoleon and this type of leadership is too temporary as what is looked for is just someone who is capable of assuming leadership role in a variety of situations over a period of time.
Leadership then is something more than just an aspect of personality, tradition, opportunism or appointment. It is untimely connected with behavior and attributes towards oneself and others. Therefore not all leaders may be managers as others are just chosen and inherit leadership by birth but leaders who spring from managerial ranks may be managers.
A leader should have management skills because his or her vision could quickly be exposed to be an illusion if he or she has no idea about what is realistic. Therefore it is necessary in an organization’s setup for a leader to have both management and leadership because we are now in a competitive world where we need leaders and managers who have both leadership and management skills skills thereby nullifying the assertion that Managers are not leaders vis a vis even though in real sense the two play different roles in an organization.
Managers can be leaders and vice versa depending on the situation. At one point a manager can be a leader and a leader be a manager in order to be more effective. For example a leader cannot plan and set a vision for an organization without knowing how the company operates. In this manner the assertion that leaders are not managers can be nullified at this point.
Managers can be referred as leaders also because of the emergency of knowledgeable workers.The issue is no longer about managing but inspiring and motivating subordinates to achieve a common goal as supported by Management guru, Peter Drucker:
“With the rise of the knowledge worker, one does not manage people, but the task is to lead people and the goal is to make productive the specific strength and knowledge of every individual”.