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Hsa 535 Lung Cancer Essay

2327 words - 10 pages

Assignment 2
Morbidity: Lung Cancer
Managerial Epidemiology

Compose an analysis of lung cancer of lung cancer as compared to other leading causes of death in your state. Include the mortality rates and the costs of lung cancer(for the most recent year reported) in your analysis.
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lung. Normal lung tissue is made up of cells that are programmed by genes to create lung tissue in a certain shape and to perform certain functions. Lung cancer develops when the genetic material responsible for production of lung cells is damaged (genetic mutations). Repeated exposure to carcinogens such as tobacco smoke may ...view middle of the document...

It is very rare for someone who has never smoked to have small cell lung cancer. Other names for SCLC are oat cell carcinoma and small cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Nonsmall cell (NSCLC) represents 75% to 80% of all cases of lung cancer and includes three distinct types of lung cancer: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma. These subtypes are grouped together and called "nonsmall cell lung cancer" because their pattern of spread and their treatment differ from small cell lung cancer, and when diagnosed at an early stage, may have the potential to be cured by surgery.

Lung cancer is the most common cause of death due to cancer in both men and women throughout the world. The American cancer society estimated that 222,520 new cases of lung cancer in the U.S. Will be diagnosed and 157,300 deaths due to lung cancer would occur in 2010. According to the U.S. National cancer institutee approximately one out of every 14 men and women in theU.S will bediagnosedd with cancer of the lung at some point in their lifetime. Lung cancer is predominantly a disease of the elderly, almost 70% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are over 65 years of age. While less than 3% of lung cancer occur in people under 45 years of age. Lung cancer has surpass breast cancer in women in the U.S.
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These are the ranks in North Carolina.
The North Carolina Central Cancer Registry 2009
It is estimated that second hand smoke resulted in $288.8 million (Table 1) in excess medical
costs in North Carolina in 2006 (adjusted to 2008 dollars).
• This estimate does not consider other costs such as lost productivity, long-term care and
disability services not covered by BCBSNC, or the impact on quality of life.

Table 1. Medical Costs of Health Conditions Caused by Secondhand Smoke Exposure in North Carolina,
Number of North Carolinian
Treated for Conditions
Caused by Secondhand Smoke3
Total Cost
(in 2008 dollars)4
Birth to Age 17
Low Birth Weight (under 5.5 lbs.)5 2,087 $75,976,172
Acute Lower Respiratory Illness (birth to age 3 only) 14,158 $7,678,715
Otitis Media and Middle Ear Effusion 50,092 $14,561,054
Asthma 30,289 $25,972,081
Ages 18+
Lung Cancer 559 $32,269,388
Heart Attacks and Other Heart Diseases 9,883 $132,378,807

TOTAL 107,067 $288,836,216

The column to the left is the number of north Carolinian health condition caused by second hand smoke.
The right column is the total cost that North Carolina paid by Blue Shield...

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