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How Was The Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferdinand The Main Cause Of World War 1?

2166 words - 9 pages

How was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand the main cause of World War 1?
In this controlled assessment I will be discussing the main causes of world war one for example the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and exploring how this triggered the war. I will also be talking about other things such as; Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, significant people and the two crises that took place in Morocco.
Firstly I will talk about the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand he was 51 years old and was next in line to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Franz Ferdinand was increasingly unpopular after he announced he wanted to make a lot of changes. He was scheduled to visit ...view middle of the document...

This was a crucial event as Austro-Hungarian was blaming Serbia for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand so they decided to invade them. Because Russia were alliances were Serbia they stepped in to help them this meant that Germany got involved to help out Austro-Hungary but then because Britain and France were alliances with Russia they stepped in too. This meant that Germany, Britain, France, Russia and Austro-Hungary this meant that WW1 had started and the assassination was described as what caused WW1. From the source booklet that I have been given I can see a few sources that link to the assassination for example source T which is showing Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in their coffins. In the picture I can clearly see that his wife’s coffin is lower down than the Archdukes this is because his wife was middle class and the Archduke was more important. Another source that is linked to the assassination is source S it shows Gavrillo Princip this source is linked because it is showing who assassinated Archduke and his wife Sophie. There is alot of controversy to whether or not that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the spark of WW1. Although this is a short term cause that some people believed sparked WW1 there alot of long term causes that could be the cause of WW1.
Even though the assassination could be a cause of WW1 militarism could be to. Militarism is when countries build up powerful military forces. Many years before WW1 started jealousy began to grow as they feared that if they went to war that they wouldn’t have a strong enough military army in order to fight. Arms race was important in Militarism as when countries feared war they started to build more weapons. If one country increased its navy then all the other countries did too. It was basically a race to who could build the biggest but most powerful army. Germany had a large army but Britain beat Germany when it came to their navy. Britain had always had the strongest and largest navy. This causes Kaiser Wilhelm to become jealous so he attempted to build the German navy more hoping that they could catch up with Britain but in 1906 Britain built a ship called the ‘HMS Dreadnought’ this was a new type of warship. This was key as other countries were competed for a strong navy aswell. There was always a fear that countries could go to war at any second so each country had to make sure that its army and navy were prepared. From the same booklet that I mentioned earlier the sources that I can link to militarism are source F. Source F is showing a table which shows the figures of the armed forces in 1914. Great Britain had 711,000 soldiers whereas Germany had 2,200,000 so in this case Germany had a stronger navy but Great Britain had 185 warships whereas Germany only had 97. Because Britain had the biggest Navy it meant that they had complete control over the world’s oceans this also meant that it could protect its empire. Militarism could...

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