This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How To Use And Apply Spss

4705 words - 19 pages

How to Use and Apply SPSS
Version 15.0 for Windows

This mini guide/ walkthrough is for SPSS 15.0 for Windows and was written in the Summer of 2010. If there are any changes/updates that apply afterwards, this document will not address them. Additionally, if a previous version (pre 15.0) is being used, this document might not fully apply. This said, the concepts behind what is being explained should still be the same, so long as the functions of the program remain similar.
This guide is intended to give the reader a VERY basic understanding on how to use SPSS. This is also intended to be a crash course type of guide. The length of this document is indicative of how “in depth” this ...view middle of the document...

SPSS works with numbers, so the data needs to be able to be quantified. (If it’s qualitative, you will need to make it quantitative.)

* Make sure you have a goal in your research. Have a question you want to answer, and collect data that you think will help answer that question. For example do you think there is a correlation between stress level and red blood cell count? These are questions that can be answered numerically, making SPSS a good candidate for analyzing this data.

Getting Starting
1. Open up SPSS (may be PASW Statistics 18)
2. A screen will pop up that has 5 different options to choose from as follows:
Figure 1:

a. Run the Tutorial – This is a very informative walkthrough made by the authors of the program. This tutorial will only show you how to operate the program. Whereas it is the intention of this walkthrough to show you how to apply it.
b. Type in data – This will be the most commonly used option. If this is selected, you can type in the data manually.
c. Skip Run an existing query, and Create a new query using Database Wizard
d. Open an existing data source – Like the name implies, you can open a file that already has data in it from this option.
3. Select Type in data. You will be presented with a screen that looks a lot like an Excel page. At the top of the work-area (the area of white cells) you will see tabs that say var; these columns are the variables of your sample data. Consequently, the numbered rows represent the number of data points for each variable in your data.
Figure 2

4. At the bottom of the page there are two tabs: Data View and Variable View. The variable view brings you to the page where you can enter the variables into the program. For example if you have a range of age groups, this is where you would enter the age groups and their numerical assignments. The data view is the tab where you enter the raw data into the program.
Figure 3:

5. Open the file accidents.sav from SPSS/Tutorial/sample_files/accidents.sav. You can see an example of how these tabs work by playing with them. If you look at the variable view tab, you can see that there are 4 variables. If you click on the data view tab, you can see these four variables at the top of the work-area. A confusing aspect to SPSS is that the rows in the variable view are the columns in the data view tabs (see Figure 4 and 5).
Figure 4: (Variable View)

Figure 5: (Data View)

6. Look at the variables in variable view; each one has an abbreviated name (with no spaces) that will show up in the data view tab in place of the var that usually shows up. The Label column is the full name of the variable, which you can enter in as well with spaces. Under the Values column, you can determine what numerical values represent certain data points. For example, in the accidents.sav file, you can see that a 1 represents a female, and a 0 represents a male. In the Scale column, this is where you determine the type of data...

Other Papers Like How to Use and Apply Spss

Describe How the Principles of Collaboration and Autonomy Relate to the Principles of Working in Partnership with Women. Then Critically Analyse How Midwives Apply These Principles to Provide...

1745 words - 7 pages The ANMC Competency Standards for the Midwife (2008) value woman-centred midwifery practice and state that midwives must work in partnership with women and their families. Using the available evidence, describe how the principles of collaboration and autonomy relate to the principles of working in partnership with women. Then critically analyse how midwives apply these principles to provide woman-centred midwifery practice. As stated by

How to Properly Use Accounting Skill

1026 words - 5 pages how to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly use accounting skillhow to properly

How to Use Twitter for Business

932 words - 4 pages communications tool. (Imagine that!) Here’s how you might use Twitter for business: Follow industry leaders who post links to important resources and influence conversations • Post questions for quick answers and answer others’ questions to establish your credibility and expertise • Create links to your Web site or blog (don’t over do it!) • Keep up on the buzz in your industry • Network with like-minded people. How to Find (The Right) People on

How Did Unilever Use Qualitative And Quantitative Research To Develop The Positioning Claim For Lifebuoy?

525 words - 3 pages occurring situations. Observation of consumers is often a powerful tool. Looking at how consumers select products may yield insights into how they make decisions and what they look for. Observational research is conducted with the informed consent of the consumer or in certain instances without the consumer being aware of the researcher’s presence. It has to be done objectively over a long period of time and on a large proportion of consumers to

How Does The Author Of The Following Extracts Use Language To Convey Changes And Contrasts In Mood And Meaning?

565 words - 3 pages Rachel Louise Carson born in 1907 was raised in Springdale, Pennsylvania a rural river town (Lear 1998). Her works as an author included five books, one posthumously and numerous newspaper articles. A conscientious writer she concentrated on the environment and its beauty.Her use of the word ‘fable’ in the title prepares the reader for a moral Journey. Understanding how the narrative unfolds will automatically lead the reader to their

How Does Taylor Use the Structure and Language of Chapter 5 and 6 of This Novel to Explore Racism Effectively?

1492 words - 6 pages How does Taylor use the structure and language of chapter 5 and 6 of this novel to explore racism effectively? In the chapters 5 and 6, the audience can see the increasing problem of racism faced by the Logan family. During chapters 5 and 6, the writer, Mildred Taylor demonstrates how the different characters have different reactions to racism. This is displayed effectively by the structure and language used throughout the chapters. Big Ma

Discuss Marlowe's Use of Language in This Passage and How It Contributes to the Characterisation of Faustus

562 words - 3 pages Discuss Marlowe's use of language in this passage and how it contributes to the characterisation of Faustus. Christopher Marlowe's ability to write with great balance and creative use of poetry, imagery, and structure is shown in his morality play Dr Faustus. Marlowe’s use of language and structure shapes Dr Faustus character and in his final soliloquy focuses on creating a sense of desperation and regret. The variation in metre and rhythm

How to Use a 5-Level Triage System

1047 words - 5 pages How to Use a 5-level Triage System Western Governors University Topic: The importance and application of a 5-level triage system. INTRODUCTION Attention Getter: I am currently a Charge Nurse in the busiest emergency room in Nevada. We see an average of 300 patients a day with wait time in the lobby upwards of 12-14 hours. Purpose: The purpose of my presentation is to inform. I want my audience to understand why a 5-level

How Does Dorothy Parker Use Humor to Explore Gender Differences

1537 words - 7 pages How does Dorothy Parker use humor to explore gender differences? The gender differences between males and females are endless. Dorothy Parker chooses to use humor to explore gender differences in her writing, “The Sexes.” It is not easy to explain such a touchy subject, such as gender differences, in a way that would not be considered offensive to either group. Not only must it not be offensive, but it also has to be accurate. In

How Comedians Use Their Bodies to Tell Impossible Messages

693 words - 3 pages Comedians use their bodies to tell stories that they would be unable to tell in everyday life. Comedians by virtue of their advantaged position at a point in history became the mouthpiece of the people, by talking about serious topics that caused their audience to confront stereotypes and baseless beliefs about race. African American comedians in particular played a huge role in this discourse. They used their bodies, stage presence, voice and

Discuss How Composers Effectively Use Satire to Convey Meaning

716 words - 3 pages cautious attention to, and be critical of; the decisions made by their leaders and ensure they too are not corrupted by an infatuating desire to gain political power and control. Tom Lehrer’s satirical song ‘Who’s Next?’ similarly explores the augmentative nature of power and its susceptibility to corruption, however uses the context of the Cold War to portray the reality of the nuclear arms race. In contrast to Orwell, Lehrer’s use of first person

Related Essays

How To Apply For A Job

751 words - 4 pages Stage 4 How would you apply for this job? For this position I would write a letter or CV including the company name, address and the person who will be receiving it who will be Natalie Chalmers. I will make sure the letter is specific for the job and it grabs the reader’s attention to let them know why my letter of CV is worth reading. My letter will be written in a formal document that gives information about me, my personality and what I

Theories Of Fayol And Maslow And How They Apply To A Fictional Character And The Running Of A Small Business

1999 words - 8 pages -actualization needs. Hence, in order to motivate a person, Maslow stated that lowest level needs must be substantially satisfied before the next level can be activated and so on (Robbins et al., 2003, pp.445-446).Application of Fayol's ConceptsIn order for Suzie to apply Fayol's administrative theory of management, she must understand that the responsibility of general management is to lead the enterprise toward its objective by making effective and

How To Apply The Single Stage Hammer Crusher

543 words - 3 pages prospects can conclude regardless of whether the single-stage crushing is ideal or not. Once the rocks have high abradability about the metal, two-stage or three-stage crushing must be adopted, and aspect or all use other variety crushers so as to lower the metal consumption. The crushability test is utilized for determining the machine energy and manufacturing capability and for testing the granularity composition from the products.2 This series

How To Use Exel Essay

655 words - 3 pages How to use the tool ''Canon PIXMA Wireless Setup Assistant'' This tool enables you to confirm the network key and access point name. These two items are required when using the machine in a wireless connection. After finish using the tool, put the file in the Recycle Bin / trash and delete it. Windows XP SP3 or later / XP x64 Edition SP3 or later / Vista (32bit version) /Vista (64bit version)/ 7 (32bit version)/ 7 (32bit version) - When the