This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How The Renaissance, Reformation And Nation States Contributed To The Concept Of European Identity?

2018 words - 9 pages



How the Renaissance, Reformation and Nation-States Contributed to the Concept of European Identity?

1. Introduction

I would like to study the connection between the material culture that sprang to life after the Reformation in Europe and the urbanization that came with the Industrial Revolution in order to see if or if not it had any effects on constituting the European Identity. Starting first with analyzing the material culture of which the Italian Renaissance movement and then the Reformation planted its seeds, I want to follow the dynamics of social changes that slowly transformed the life in Europe from peasantry with only ...view middle of the document...

Another invention that marked this era was the printing machine as “the manufacture of paper, the discovery of the arts of printing and engraving, multiplied the possession of the treasures of the intelligence and of artistic genius, and combined to make art and literature democratic.”[1] This development enabled masses of people access to knowledge and this had changed the societies of Europe slowly yet irrevocably from being ignorant and unaware to literate and freethinking while it substantially decreased the power of the Catholic Church.

By the late 18th century, the industrialization process was on the way and the significant increase in production, accelerated trade throughout the continent. Mercantilism was the domineering economic structure in the Middle Ages and it provided great protection to traders and businesses whereas it required strong nation-states.

With this study, I want to figure how the material culture that occured as a result of Protestant Reformation paved the way for the then-modern cities in Europe. It is also a fact that the trend was towards the nation-states in the 19th century and many such states were formed around a national identity. Therefore it is interesting to see if and how a broader sense of European identity had flourished in European people’s minds and in which ways had it been affected by the material culture. European identity is not used in a post-nationalist notion as is understood today but a general understanding and a feeling of belonging in a wider range is meant.

2. State of the Field

The reformation process the Europe has gone through, starting with Martin Luther’s 95 Theses in 1517 and going through centuries towards the end of 18th century where it sparked another revolutionary movement, has been widely researched and discussed. This social transformations went hand in hand with economical dynamics, as in almost all sources we can find explanations such as the one below by Lindsay, that depict the average European’s change from rural peasant to urban manufacturers and traders:

Beneath the whole mediæval system lay the idea that the land was the only economic basis of wealth. During the earlier Middle Ages this was largely true everywhere, and was specially so in Germany. Each little district produced almost all that it needed for its own wants; and the economic value of the town consisted in its being a corporation of artisans exchanging the fruits of their industries for the surplus of farm produce which the peasants brought to their market-place. But the increasing trade of the towns, developed at first along the greater rivers, the arteries of the countries, gradually produced another source of wealth; and this commerce made great strides after the Crusades had opened the Eastern markets to European traders. Trade, commerce, and manufactures were the life of the towns, and were rapidly increasing their importance.[2]

This change of...

Other Papers Like How The Renaissance, Reformation And Nation-States Contributed To The Concept Of European Identity?

Issues Of Racial Identity During The Harlem Renaissance

2219 words - 9 pages Renaissance was also one of the most important chapters in the era of African American literature. This literary period gave way to a new type of writing style. This style is known as “creative literature.” Creative literature enabled writers to express their thoughts and feelings about various issues that were of importance to African Americans. These issues include racism, gender and identity, and others that were of great importance to blacks The

According to the Author of This Extract, What Aspects of Faraday’s Life and Work Contributed to His Reputation? How Does the Picture Presented Here Compare to the Picture of Faraday’s Reputation in...

718 words - 3 pages Part 1 According to the author of this extract, what aspects of Faraday’s life and work contributed to his reputation? How does the picture presented here compare to the picture of Faraday’s reputation in his own lifetime presented in Book 1, Chapter 4? The extract from The Times written some 100 years after the birth of Faraday portrays the image of a great man of science, a pioneer to be emulated ‘…how his successors have followed him

Influence of the Doctrines of Reformation to Christianity Today

2698 words - 11 pages hierarchical conception of the Church. The idea of the clergy as such was rejected. In principle the distinction of Clergy and laity fell away. He continually fought for the biblical relationship between priest and laity against hierarchical concept of the Middle Ages. Hendrick Kraemer who advocated theology of laity first as Protestant theologian said that the fundamental idea of the Reformation promised to inaugurate a radical change in the whole

Henry VIII And His Contribution To The English Reformation

1628 words - 7 pages , Henry was well-educated and an adept ruler. He exuded confidence and supremacy throughout all of his actions. Henry fought many wars in Europe, callously increased the authority of royal government, and even aspired to become Holy Roman Emperor in order to extend his jurisdiction. Henry's greatest accomplishment was by far the commencement of the Protestant Reformation in England. He rejected the authority of the pope and the Roman Catholic

Do You Accept the View Expressed in Source 1 That Europe Stood on ‘the Verge of a New Age’ and That the Renaissance and the Reformation Marked Turning Points in 16th Century Society? - 40 Marks

1011 words - 5 pages new goods to be found and created. Overseas explorations also had an impact on European politics and relations and therefore the lives of people living within Europe. The exploration of overseas was also a turning point for the ‘new age’ however I didn’t have the impact of some of the other factors. In conclusion I believe that there were a range of factors that change 16th Century Europe including the renaissance, reformation, overseas

Values of the Nation After the Signing of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States of Americ

1308 words - 6 pages values of the young nation, however they do not represent all the American citizens at the time of writing, as they are limited to the political and societal elite. This will be discussed through an analytical examination of these documents and how they reflect the relationship between the American citizen and nation. As a first consideration, both documents are integral in the understanding of the foundation of the United States. The

Renaissance Sports and European Competition

1437 words - 6 pages Along with the rebirth of Greco-Roman culture came a fresh emphasis on education. Europeans during the Renaissance suddenly found educational ideals thrust upon them within society. Education had become a main focus of almost every aspect of European culture. The new values of Renaissance eduction brought about a want of society to better itself and gain new morals. Also, new educational reforms gave way to increased knowledge of the individual

As an Ib Student, How Has Your Learning of Literature and Science Contributed to Your Understanding of Individuals and Societies?

1339 words - 6 pages Question 9 Sarah Bollen TOK Word count: 1263 As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to your understanding of individuals and societies? During the last year I have been taught not only in the different ways of knowing but also how to evaluate different types of literature, which has helped me to understand different societies and individuals. In the following I will explain, with the help of the

Causes, Key Events and Results of the Reformation

4395 words - 18 pages CAUSES, KEY EVENTS AND RESULTS OF THE REFORMATION The Gathering Storm Throughout the 14th and 15th centuries the Church was faced with numerous direct challenges. Dissatisfaction with the Church could be found at all levels of European society. Many devout Christians were finding the Church's growing emphasis on rituals unhelpful in their quest for personal salvation. People began to have a different outlook on salvation, no longer focusing

Awakening Of The United States-It's About How The United States Launched Itself To The History Of Warfare

1020 words - 5 pages and armaments. They paid cash and transported the goods in their own ships. This allowed the United States to supply the British without risking the loss of American neutrality. U.S. tried to help other countries for the benefit of U.S. society. The U.S. abandoned strict neutrality in the European war and approached a confrontation with Japan in Asia and the Pacific Ocean.In March 1941 the U.S. Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act and appropriated

A.I: How The Film Relates To The Concept Of Reinventions With Links To Novel "Life Of Pi"

700 words - 3 pages ReinventionsA.I (artificial intelligence) is a science fiction feature film directed by Steven Spielberg. Released in 2001, this post-modern film follows the adventure of a young ‘boy’- a ‘mecha’, designed to love. It questions what is important to human existence.In the 22nd century, Monica and Henry Swinton adopt David in hopes to ease the pain of their dying son. David is one of a kind as he is the first child designed to

Related Essays

How Has Technology Contributed To The Globalization Of Markets And Production

1567 words - 7 pages buyer, agrees Hutchison et al, (1991). In a contract of sale, both the seller and the buyer have roles/obligations to play/perform to qualify the sale. Apart from making a payment by the buyer and receiving of the same payment by the seller, there need for the object sold or the merx to be delivered to the buyer. Delivery is effected by the physical hand over of the property to the buyer and there are several varieties or options to do so

The Concept Of The Identity In Kim

682 words - 3 pages , Šumberová states “A similar instance can be discovered in Kim’s Britishness. It is marked by the constituents of soldier and ruler, and these people are exactly those whom Kim hates when he is imprisoned among the white British soldiers. At the same time, according to the prophecy delivered by his father, Kim believes that one day, he will become a military leader and is proud of it”(27-28). The question of belonging and identity hurts Kim

How The Royal Family And British Museums Have Contributed To The Tourism Industry?

1552 words - 7 pages How the Royal Family and British museums have contributed to the tourism industry? Nowadays, tourism has become a popular global leisure activity with the development of social progress and the improvement of people’s living standards. Among them, the British are very good at the development and use of the tourism resources and cultural factors to turn England into a country with rich tourism resources. For example, those buildings, streets

Define The Concept Of Social Class Identity

1140 words - 5 pages Define the concept of social class identity Social class identity is the term used when referring to the differences social classes have, such as different cultures, norms and values. This is a very difficult term to be used in order to categorise an individual as social class can be subjective or objective. The government uses the objective view, based on the based on the economical status of the individual, to be able to identify them into a