How successfully did James deal with parliament during the period 1603 – 1616?
* James faced many difficulties with Parliament during his reign in England. The king and parliament followed two mutually, extended exclusive views about the nature of their relationship. James believed that he owed his authority to God-given right, that the laws in his kingdom were only an extension of his royal prerogative, and that parliament was in essence a lower court to him, its laws and opinions always subject to his oversight and review; and that he was free to revise or overrule them completely whenever he wished. However, parliament believed that its rights were equal to those of the king. They ...view middle of the document...
In conclusion, James did not deal with parliament successfully as all they did was argue about money and then James would get angry and dissolve them.
How successfully did James deal with religion during the period 1603 – 1616?
* James’ mother was catholic, but he himself was brought up as a protestant. After his succession, he decided to carry on with Elizabeth’s decision and go with the ‘middle path’. At the beginning of his reign, the ‘puritan’ element in the Church of England had organized themselves to petition James for changes in church services. The result was the Millenary petition of 1603, so called because it was claimed that it represented the views of a thousand ministers. They asked for an end to conformation, to the sign of the cross in baptism, to the ring in marriage and to the wearing of gowns by ministers. They also asked for church administration to be ‘according to Christ’s own institution’. This vague phrase could be seen as an attack on the government of the church by bishops. At first James was inclined to be tactful and listen to the Puritans. He therefore called a conference between the bishops and puritans which he would preside over. Before the conference was held, at Hampton Court in 1604, more petitions had come in and James had become concerned about their tone and the methods used to stir up support. The puritans did not succeed in getting any of their demands for changes in ceremonies, but James did agree to minor reforms. Despite them not getting the ‘reforms; they wanted, James, like Elizabeth, was careful not to make life too difficult for them. The CofE remained a ‘broad church’ in which different views could be accepted. When Bancroft (Archbishop of Canterbury) died in 1611, he was replaced by George Abbott, a ‘moderate’, who was anxious not to stir up religious differences in the CofE and could be seen as being, in some ways, a puritan himself. James, therefore, did not have too many problems with Puritanism during his reign. Archbishop Bancroft was determined to enforce some discipline in the church. Using the church parliament ‘convocation’, he issued 141 canons regulating many aspects of church life.
How successfully did James manage his finances during the period 1603 – 1616?
* James had many financial problems such as war, inflation extravagance, inexperience, wardships, purveyance and monopolies. He was also into excessive expenditure. As a foreign king, he felt that he has to be...