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How Successful Were Stalin's Economic Policies

736 words - 3 pages

How successful were Stalin's economic policies?

Stalin introduced the Five Year Plans and collectivisation as his economic policies to improve Russia's industrial backwardness. Collectivisation consisted of state controlled farms, as 90% of the produce would go to the state. The peasants would join their small individual plots to form communal farms, leading to larger amounts of food. The five year plans were aimed at industrial improvements in agriculture and factories. In purely economic terms, his policies were a success they provided a number of solutions to problems like the state's inability to afford to pay high prices for grain.

The Five Year Plans built vast factories in ...view middle of the document...

5 million across the industrialisation of the 5 year plans and collectivisation. Industrialisation was harsh - being late for work was an offence worthy of being arrested and many were arrested of sabotage or 'wrecking' e.g when a machine got broken by somebody. Political prisoners were often used on the large scale infrastructure projects, notably the White Sea Canal leading to 25,000 deaths.

Collectivisation was also a success. Collectivisation was the socialist way to farm the land, replacing the capitalist attitudes with socialist attitudes of co-operation and sharing. There three main aims of collectivisation which were; to create a rural working class - peasants were also paid wages (lower than the urban workers) and to also introduce more efficient ways of farming the land with tractors. The new ways of farming led to a surplus of grain which then could be sold off to other countries giving money to the state to invest in more factories. It also meant less people were needed to farm which meant the extra workers could go to the city to work. It was also designed to break the peasants as a political force, as they were seen a threat to...

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