How significant was national resentment of foreign interference in bringing about the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911-1912?
The national resentment of foreign interference was significant in bringing about the collapse of the Qing dynasty. Despite this, however, there were many other factors both internal and external responsible such as…
The question is focused on the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911-12 and the role
played by nationalism and foreign interference in bringing about its collapse.
Answers may refer to the failure of the Boxer Rising in 1900 and the
subsequent development of a new nationalist movement devoted to the
overthrow of the dynasty. In 1905 Sun Yat-sen formed the Revolutionary
Alliance based in Tokyo which was strongly supported by students who ...view middle of the document...
The war with Japan was followed by a series of treaties with the European powers and the USA. They obtained concessions from the Chinese government and China was often forced to pay indemnities to the western powers in exchange for loans.
The efforts of reform that had been put in place in the wake of the boxer rebellion begin to stall out in 1908 when Guangxu and Cixi die within hours of each other. The result of this is that a little boy called Puyi came to the throne, he was the last of the quing emperors. Obviously because he was only a little boy he didn’t exercise any political authority and his conservative uncles who constituted a regency council for him slowed down the reform programme which Cixi had been presiding over. As a result of this even the minimal progress that the qing had been making towards sustaining itself comes to a grinding halt and the dynasty goes into a final period of regenity. The boxer revelution most definitely quickened the downfall of the dynasty because it originated in a background of serious social-economic problems. After 1901, new reforms were made to develop a new nationalist movement. Politically, constitutional rule and local self-rule were experimented with. The qing court expected that these reforms would strengthen their rule. Instead they led to developments that helped overthrow the dynasty in the end. Educational reform for example gave ruse to a class of student intellectuals who dissatisfied with corrupt Manchu rule supported revolutionary activities
There were also other factors responsible for the fall of the dynasty for example
* Flooding in many parts of the country
* Impact of war
* Failure of qing reforms
* Worsening social conditions