This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Might Labelling Acivities 'deviant' Serve As A Form Of Scoial Control?

1459 words - 6 pages

HOW MIGHT THE LABELLING OF ACTIVITIES AS ‘DEVIANT’ SERVE AS A FORM OF SOCIAL CONTROL?
Deviancy is considered any behaviour to violate cultural norms and it is essentially split between two formations; formal deviancy (crime) and informal deviancy (social). Social control is a product of social learning via labeling strategies, it is composed of both informal and formal mechanisms and maintains that the exploitation of socialization and social learning contributes to the individual building of self-control, and in the reduction divergent behaviour. Both controls enforce labeling as a sanction to shame the supposedly deviant character; it infers that the individual has earned disapproval from ...view middle of the document...

Mills (2010) recognises that the moral theory of utilitarianism acts to endorse maximum happiness in which individual interests must be sacrificed had they be labelled deviant within the community. By imposing sanctions to control behaviour, social and political groups are effectively labelling deviancy and creating outsiders and the effect of othering (Meier & Johnson, 1977). Unfortunately within a statistical definition of deviance, the largest numbers of conformists to a specific behaviour have the dominant norm within society and thus groups outside of this are considered deviant (Pritchard& Hughes, 1997). With consideration to criminality and criminal behaviour social control theory intends that the development of self-control through socialization supposedly reduces the urge to indulge in antisocial and deviant acts. Where deviance is a violation of social norms, crime is a violation of one specific norm called the law, henceforth it would be correct to assume that society deems all violations of the law deviant but in some cases this is not true. This illustrates how the law as a formal mechanism of control can be in disagreement with its practices and society’s values, consequently social control is not effectively enforced (Clinard & Meier, 2015). Ultimately social control is often prominent despite the dominant group’s interpretation of right and wrong where in certain instances criminal activity such as illegal downloads is not labelled “deviant” by wider society.
Functionally, Durkheim argued that deviance is used to define the limits of proper behaviour where sanctions are used to delineate acceptable behaviour within culture to form social constancy. Deviance fundamentally contributes to the learning of approved conduct and is functional for three reasons. Wickman (1991) states that deviancy elucidates behaviour expectancy and, morals and norms by outlining acceptable behaviour as a guide to avoiding deviancy. It provides unity within group members in the uprising of social stability and collective consciousness, and finally in rare occasions becomes new acceptable behaviour by promoting social change as deviance is relative to time and culture. In the separation of sub-groups within society, deviant acts for some are the not same for others and so the reaffirmation of beliefs in social unity ignite the problem of ‘othering’ and dehumanisation (Taylor, Walton, & Young, 2013). The functionalist approach to deviance gives light to why norms and laws are violated despite the pressures from society to conform, however functionalists do not indicate how individuals eventuate to commit deviant acts or why in some cases opportunistic crimes do not occur. Fortuitously the interactionist accounts for the uses of “differential association” to justify how deviant and criminal acts arise from attitude exposure in a social learning perspective. Essentially Durkheim makes notes to how crime is ultimately inevitable as society’s...

Other Papers Like How Might Labelling Acivities 'Deviant' Serve as a Form of Scoial Control?

Explore Priestley's Dramatic Methods in Act 3 Pages 50 – 56 Demonstrating How an Understanding of the Historical and Social Context of the Play Might Help Shape the Audience Response to This Scene and...

1054 words - 5 pages Explore Priestley’s dramatic methods in Act 3 pages 50 – 56 demonstrating how an understanding of the historical and social context of the play might help shape the audience response to this scene and the play as a whole. Throughout An Inspector Calls, Priestley uses the Inspector as a way of warning the audience to address many problems that are occurring, or have occurred in society. The fact that the play is set in 1912, and written in

Tool control, as a key part of maintenance

715 words - 3 pages Tool control, as a key part of maintenance, plays an important role in our careers. At times it may seem menial, or time- consuming, but those precious minutes spent checking out tools or doing a quick inspection on our tool box can save a person or an aircraft's life. The tool control program can be followed by using 3 simple principles, be organized, follow standard safety precautions, and follow proper maintenance procedures. Accidents

Selecting a Form of Contracting

1135 words - 5 pages (Johannessen, 1994). With this strategy organizations not just learn to manage their dependence on other organizations but also to maintain parity with their competitors (Johannessen, 1994). According to Johannessen (1994), companies can stabilize in a turbulent environment through cooperative agreements. The transfer of knowledge, technical know-how and expertise helps to improve them further to serve the market. These arrangements can be made

Expectations Of An Ingroup: Interactions Within Ingroups And How They Punish Deviant Members

1948 words - 8 pages Expectations of an Ingroup: interactions within ingroups and how they punish deviant members Abstract Ingroup and outgroups in society view punishment of members differently, ingroups especially. The variables in this study were the group in which the offender belonged to and the writing task. In the study there were 6 male and 27 female psychology students they participated to aid in writing their research paper. Participants read a

Assess the View That Crime and Deviance Are a Product of the Labelling Process

863 words - 4 pages hence it comes true simply through being made. The interactionist explanation of deviance moves away from looking at the reasons which ‘cause’ deviance and focuses instead on the people who are defined as deviant and the consequences of this labelling. However many would fault this view that crime and deviance is a product of the labelling process, as they believe it over-simplify the process of labelling, and particularly minimizes the role

Suggest How Family Life Might Be Affected When A Member Is Severely Depressed. What Kind Of Support Would Be Helpful?

430 words - 2 pages people having depression might worsen the situation of one. Some of the symptoms include suicidal behaviour, inappropriate/difficulty controlling anger, unstable self control, impulsiveness in area that are potentially self damaging, unstable interpersonal relationship and more. Some of the people identify with this symptoms might not be truly ill as they did all this for a reason. However they will be labelled as the type 2 and after being sent

The Rise of Social Media in the 21st Century and Its Advent as a Legitimate Form of Communication

2724 words - 11 pages The Rise of Social Media in the 21st Century and its Advent as a Legitimate Form of Communication John Santry Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Abstract Social Media offers an exciting new area for individuals and business to explore relationship building and communication on a grandiose scale. This study explores how the tools and opportunities afforded by social media sites are enabling and legitimizing a new form of

The Use Of Standard Costing As A Control Tool A New Era

4013 words - 17 pages ." The popularity of this technique increased significantly in the manufacturing industry, mainly because it could be used as a mechanism for managing cost, which could then be used to set product prices.Over the years, standard costing systems have become more than just cost control tools by helping managers in other decision-making areas, such as performance evaluation and profit measurement. However, towards the end of the 20th century

Achieve Success as a Risk Control Manager

3222 words - 13 pages Share your growing expertise and knowledge of risk control issues with younger workers. You can become a guiding influence to the next generation of loss control professionals by offering your assistance in informal sessions. This experience is necessary to help you prepare for management responsibilities. Step 6 Speak with other risk control professionals to determine their relationships with risk control staff. As a manager, you need to know the

How Might Factors Such As Diversity, Attitude, Learning, And Work Styles Affect Collaboration

427 words - 2 pages Associate Level Material Appendix A Communication Styles Worksheet You spent the past few days exploring the resources available to students at University of Phoenix, and you want to share what you learned with a friend who is interested in enrolling. Write a 150- to 200-word e-mail to your friend summarizing the resources available to students. The University has many useful resources available. My favorite is the Center for

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Asses the View That Crime and Deviance Are the Product of Labelling Processes

1646 words - 7 pages causes the situation to spiral out of control and lead to greater amounts of deviance where it would not have occurred to as great an extent or not at all. These theories put forward by labelling theorists therefore show that labelling has important implications and they push individuals that carry out a deviant act into deviant careers therefore further illustrating that the labelling process produces crime and deviance and the way to resolve this

Related Essays

Suicide As A Deviant Act Essay

2178 words - 9 pages Sitora Pulatova Galina Gorborukova Sociology of Deviance Final paper 18/12/2015 Suicide as a form of deviant behavior Introduction Deviant behavior is defined as any behavior or an act that goes against the established certain social norms in one specific society. As norms change in time, so does the description of deviant behavior. Deviant behavior as an element of social life is the subject

African Literature As A Form Of Protest

1046 words - 5 pages The definition of "protest literature" is obviously fluid. Deconstructionists might argue that all literary writing is ultimately a form of protest. Social and historical critics might argue that literary protests must contain a specific political aim, such as changing a law. A Marxist critic might argue that literary protest should disturb the social order in terms of the relationship between social classes. A feminist critic might argue that

Put Forth A Theory On What It Means To Be Human And, As A Good Reader, Explain How We Might Read Frankenstein As An Example Of This Theory

1155 words - 5 pages Final Project : FRANKENSTEIN Question 4: Put forth a theory on what it means to be human and, as a good reader, explain how we might read Frankenstein as an example of this theory. You may use any philosophical stance : To err is to be human, to forgive divine. All knowledge is sorrow The strutcure of the mind in Freudian terms The biblical story of Adam and Eve Darwinian evolution Be

Explain How A Follower Of Natural Law Theory Might Approach The Issue Surrounding Abortion

2242 words - 9 pages a) Explain how a follower of Natural Law theory might approach the issue surrounding abortion. The Natural Law Theory has developed over time since the era of the ancient Greeks, and it is not necessarily based on one single theory. Natural law is the belief that God has created the universe to work in certain ways. The structure of Natural Law is not accidental; it is deliberate and has important implications to the human race (this can