This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Important Was The Role Of African Americans Themselves In Achieving Political And Civil Equality For African Americans In The Usa Between 1945 And 1965?

3568 words - 15 pages

Although America claims to be the 'land of the free' and offer equal opportunities to all, there has always been racial prejudice and discrimination to people who are not of WASP (White, Anglo-Saxon, protestant) origin. Whether it has been discrimination by de jure of de facto nobody can question that it existed and still exists to a lesser extent today.As a result of the many social changes brought about by the war, such as economic prosperity, campaigning by black activists for equal rights took a new direction. Civil Rights for African Americans improved between 1945 and 1965 for a number of reasons. Among these were the black civil rights movement, the support of white liberals, the ...view middle of the document...

All public amenities were segregated in the south and black facilities were inferior to the white facilities.Attitudes began to change amongst white liberals who were conscious of the US role in the Cold War, how could America champion individual freedom in the world, while denying it to and important minority in its own country? The Cold War also had an adverse effect on campaigning groups, they could be accused of communism, and therefore the NAACP was banned in Alabama in 1956.Due to the rise of television and car ownership, white Americans became more aware of how black people were treated in the south, where violence against them was greater and where discrimination was more systematic. Campaigners came to rely on publicity of TV (This evidence is soft, qualitative evidence), as horrified white liberals saw racist southern police at work.Black soldiers who had travelled to the UK and other European countries during the war had enjoyed a taste of racial integration; many returned home looking for similar integration at home. The biggest black campaigning group at the time was the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People), their membership increased from 50,000 to 200,000(this is quantative, hard evidence) during the war, they were represented in nearly every state. The NAACP concentrated their efforts on securing equality for blacks through the supreme courts, they saw the constitution as the protector of their rights and utilised what it said, they challenged the 'separate but equal' ruling in schools on 17th May 1954, in a landmark case 'Brown vs. Board of education. The black leaders in the NAACP played a major leading role in securing this victory and others like at Little Rock High School.However such victories would have been impossible without the influence of important white people, white liberal lawyers worked with the NAACP and provided legal aid. Also in 1953 Judge Earl Warren was appointed as chief justice, he led the Supreme Court into its most liberal and radical phase between 1953 and 1969. In the case of Little Rock High School, intervention from Eisenhower was needed to ensure that black students could enter the school, he sent 1000 members of the 101st Airborne division to protect students.In the years after the Brown decision, other civil rights organizations departed from the reform strategy and placed more emphasis on protest and mass mobilization. Stands of defiance, such as Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on a bus, played a major part in gaining support for protests and demonstrations. When she was arrested, it gave Martin Luther King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) (The participation of such an organisation shows the Christian aims of the movement) a platform to launch a political protest. The Montgomery Bus Boycott started in March 1955, it caused massive losses to bus companies as they relied on blacks using public transport. The success of the boycott can be...

Other Papers Like How Important Was The Role Of African Americans Themselves In Achieving Political And Civil Equality For African Americans In The USA Between 1945 And 1965?

African Americans Essay

1754 words - 8 pages establishing the African-Americans with the power to vote. The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (1868): this was proposed to response to issues related to slaves after the Civil War in America. It was to establish the citizenship rights and equal protection of the law for every American citizen. The Fifteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution (1870): this empowered the African-Americans with the right to vote

African Americans Essay

2670 words - 11 pages in the Southern States continued (Bowles, 2011). The Compromise of 1877 ruined the chances of Blacks to depart from a life of farmers and inferior citizenship. Along with many injustices Black Americans faced following the Civil War, only strengthen their efforts, and never once consider giving up the fight for equality. After Black Americans battled in the war between the North and South, the social and racial environment was very crucial in

African Americans

494 words - 2 pages opportunity for jobs. Still today African Americans continue to lag behind whites. In our past history, African Americans were slaves and were viewed as less important than whites. Still today in our society, people are prejudice and discriminatory against blacks. Many people still look at blacks differently because of how they were treated as slaves. As a result, blacks don’t get the same opportunities as whites with housing, education, employment and

african Americans

978 words - 4 pages . Black infantrymen fought gallantly at Milliken's Bend, LA; Port Hudson, LA; Petersburg, VA; and Nashville, TN. The July 1863 assault on Fort Wagner, SC, in which the 54th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers lost two-thirds of their officers and half of their troops, was memorably dramatized in the film Glory. By war's end, 16 black soldiers had been awarded the Medal of Honor for their valor. In addition to the perils of war faced by all Civil War

African Americans & the Revolutionary War

544 words - 3 pages life of Boston King, who was also a African American slave. Boston King wrote about his participation in the war, and the time he spent there. Boston also wrote about his reasons for joining and his life after the war. This document was written to describe The British armies and the part that African Americans played during and after war. Both documents were written for public view and intended to inform African Americans as well as the courts. The

Causation of African Americans

834 words - 4 pages America has always been the land of the free. Many have migrated to America in hopes of a better life and in search of opportunity. Immigrants from all over the world have come here looking for freedom and happiness. Unfortunately, not everyone who has come here in search of a better life has been welcomed with open arms. This is especially true for African Americans. African Americans are a subordinate group originating from Africa, who has

Journal of African Americans

955 words - 4 pages be an active, working, fair part of this country. When we went through the racism and slavery of whites only, being able to use restrooms, whites only able to sit in the front, and white only restaurants. How are we able to come to peace between each group of skin color. How can one man come to terms with another man as his equal but has different skin color. God almighty made me who and what I am. I thank God for making me a hard working man that

The Prevalence of Heart Disease for African Americans

1017 words - 5 pages The Prevalence of Heart Disease for African Americans Lucinda Kroll Grand Canyon University The Prevalence of Heart Disease for African Americans American physicians have drastically reduced cardiovascular mortality and the death rates have decreased 17% since the 1990's (Nash, 2003). Their have been so many advances in open heart surgery, heart transplantations, and thrombolysis in the past decade. Their have also been great strides

Comparison Among African Americans And Women In America

912 words - 4 pages their ideas about how women and African Americans endured many hardships over the past few hundred years.The first type of people that society acknowledged they were oppressing was African Americans. Many events led up to the Civil War, but this was the most fruitful event in attempting to abolish slavery. During the war, President Lincoln put in effect The Emancipation Proclamation, in 1963, which was the first national document dedicated to

The Great migration of African Americans from the South to the North in the 1910s

667 words - 3 pages Deborah Senouvor2nd HourMs. Bentley SmithAm. History GtThroughout the early 1900s, the South became known for African Americans likeMargaret walker as a "sorrow home". Life was not easy for them. More than two thirds ofAfrican Americans were sharecropping farmers who paid the landowners a part of theircrops in exchange for rent of their land. Jobs were also scarce and low-paying. Somefactories were simply closed to them and they were often the

African Americans In McMillen’S Dark Journey: Black Mississippians In The Age Of Jim Crow

1514 words - 7 pages of the day. In addition to this by cutting the life of African Americans during the Jim Crow era into specific categories McMillen made it easier for the reader to understand how the Jim Crow laws governed every aspect of Blacks lives. I especially found the section on mob violence interesting. It is amazing to me how brutal and inhuman some whites could be only eighty years ago. The only criticism I had of Dark Journey was that McMillen did not

Related Essays

How Far Were The Federal Government And The Supreme Court Responsible For The Changing Status Of African Americans In The Years 1945 1968?

2257 words - 10 pages the status for African Americans such as the impact of the Second World War and the actions of the NAACP. President Harry Truman (1945-1953), established a liberal civil rights committee to investigate the violence against blacks. A report was produced called “To Secure These Rights” which underlined the problems that African Americans faced during this period. It said that the USA could not claim to lead the free world if Blacks were not equal

How Far Do You Agree That The Impact Of The Second World War Was The Main Reason Why The Position Of African Americans Improved In The Years 1945

1461 words - 6 pages How far do you agree that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years 1945–55? The impact of the Second World War was, without a doubt, crucial in improving the lives of black Americans over the years 1945-55, as it led to federal support of the cause. However, it wasn’t as important as the use of direct action which, for the first time, was able to convert de jure into de

African Americans During The Civil Rights Movement

1470 words - 6 pages role in protecting the voting rights of African Americans in the South. In 1965 the voting rights act was passed(Foner & Garraty). In 1968 the civil rights act was passed (Jansson). Severe government repression the assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, and the intense infighting within the black militant community caused a decline in protest activity after the 1960s. In the South, antiblack violence declined. Black candidates were

How African Americans And Native Americans Are Oppressed In America Today

851 words - 4 pages African Americans. Sure it's not like we still have separate drinking fountains, but by and large blacks and whites are separate. In all major cities large housing projects have been created for low-income persons. The vast majority of the people living there are black. Most inner city schools are almost entirely made up of minorities. Legal segregation is no longer a problem anymore, but social segregation is still a major problem in society