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How Far Do You Agree With The View That The Development Of The Cold War In The Years 1945 8 Owed More To Soviet Expansionism Than To Usas Economic Interests?

1044 words - 5 pages

How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8 owed more to Soviet expansionism than to USA’s economic interests?

My opinion is that the development of the Cold War was due to Soviet expansionism rather than the USA’s economic interests in the years 1945-48. The Sources all present to some extent the idea that Soviet expansionism was to blame. Source 7 argues Soviet expansionism as the most important factor as it claims that the USSR were ‘seeking to expand its influence into Western Europe’ and so causing Western Attitudes to increasingly worsen. However there is still evidence in the sources to support the view that the USA’s economic ...view middle of the document...

The view that Soviet expansionism caused American involvement is backed up by source 8 which claims American involvement in Europe with the Marshall plan was to ‘prevent the spread of communism into Western Europe’, by providing a stable and prosperous Western Europe. Although we could argue that the Marshall plan was simply dollar imperialism, and through money the USA was controlling other countries, and as such it can be argued that the USA was acting in its own economic interests. But the evidence given in these sources would greatly support the view that Soviet expansionism did owe more to the development of the Cold War than the USA’s economic interests.

However there is evidence in the sources to counter this argument and show how it was the USA’s economic interests which owed more to the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-8. Source 8 claims that the US wanted a war with the USSR due to the ‘important economic advantages for the USA in starting a cold war’ and because they ‘feared a depression after the Cold War’. Source 8 claims that the US government, ‘As a result, the USSR was portrayed as aggressive and threatening’ to allow huge spending on arms. For example Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech in Fulton Missouri, 1946 and Kennan’s Long Telegram, 1946, which in essence threatened the USSR, and caused a huge increase in tensions between the two nations which was hugely important in the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-48.

Source 9 also supports the view that American economic interests owed more to the development of the Cold War. The source claims America’s economic might, forced the USSR into expanding into Europe to try and gain a ‘new defensive European barrier’. It also claims that Stalin was suspicious and ‘uncooperative’ about the German question as he was afraid that the...

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