This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Far Do You Agree That Trotsky’s Leadership Of The Red Army Was Responsible For The Survival Of The Bolshevik Government? (30 Marks)

1497 words - 6 pages

How far do you agree that Trotsky’s leadership of the Red Army was responsible for the survival of the Bolshevik government? (30 marks)
There were many factors that contributed to the survival of the Bolshevik Government, ranging from Trotsky’s leadership of the Red Army to the failings of the Bolsheviks’ rivals for power. This essay shows that the main reason for the Bolsheviks’ continued survival through the period was not Trotsky’s great leadership of the Red Army, but the opposition’s mistakes and failings. This will be demonstrated by analysing the key factors leading to the survival of the Bolshevik Government: Trotsky’s leadership; Lenin’s leadership; The Bolsheviks’ geographical ...view middle of the document...

However, Trotsky recognised that he was not the best tactician and enlisted the help of several advisors, one of whom, Mikhail Tukhachevsky, was held in the highest esteem by Trotsky and was widely regarded as the best general in the Red Army. Much of the strategy employed by Trotsky and his generals was designed to weaken the enemies transport system so that they could not effectively organise and coordinate troop movements. Therefore many battles took place near sections of train track and stations, which crippled many enemy attacks and allowed the Bolsheviks to crush each attack and then move on, rather than fighting on several fronts. This great strategy employed by Trotsky helped the Bolshevik Government survive, and without Trotsky and his control of the Red Army, the Bolshevik Government would most likely not have survived.
A further factor that contributed to the survival of the Bolshevik Government was Lenin’s great leadership of the whole Bolshevik party. At first glance, it appears as though Lenin played only a small role during the Civil War because he remained in Moscow throughout, however, when looked at more closely it can be seen that Lenin was a key decision maker. Lenin forced through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk when many opposed it; he did this because he had promised peace to the public and he needed their support to have any chance of winning the Civil War, and therefore helping the Bolshevik Government survive.
Lenin also instigated the policy of War Communism, in which industry was brought under state control and was geared towards making armaments. All the state controlled industry was supervised by the Vesenkha, who were attached to the Sovnarkom. Further suppression of the workers also occurred under War Communism through the ending of workers’ control in factories, which was replaced by the traditional “one man management”. Also introduced were internal passports designed to stop workers fleeing to the countryside. This suppressed any chance of internal revolution from the workers and also increased armaments production. This helped the Bolshevik Government to survive as it meant that the Red Army forces could focus entirely upon external threats to Bolshevik rule. Grain requisitioning was also introduced under War Communism; this entailed taking grain from farmers where needed, although in practice this often became straightforward extortion of grain. This part of War communism both helped and hindered the survival of the Bolshevik Government; whilst it was the only way to feed the ever expanding Red Army, it simultaneously angered the peasants.
When the Civil War ended, Trotsky, among many other Bolsheviks, wanted to continue the policy of War Communism; however, Lenin realised this would anger the peasants and so he enforced the New Economic Policy, in which he conceded some Marxist ideals, primarily by allowing small businesses to be independent. Lenin realised that the New Economic Policy was needed in order...

Other Papers Like How Far Do You Agree That Trotsky’s Leadership of the Red Army Was Responsible for the Survival of the Bolshevik Government? (30 Marks)

How Far Do You Agree That the Economy of Tsarist Russia Was Transformed in the Years Up to 1914?

1089 words - 5 pages How far do you agree that the economy of Tsarist Russia was transformed in the years up to 1914? During Alexander III reign, the Country of Russia and its economy was in a very backward state. We saw the Country suffer with extremely low industrialisation, as many of their workforce focused on agriculture. They struggled to sell enough grain at export, in order to fund large scale industrialisation as the serfs were forced by lack of freedom to

How Far Do You Agree That Lenin’s Leadership Was the Main Reason for Why the Bolsheviks Were Able to Seize Power in 1917

1350 words - 6 pages How far do you agree that Lenin’s leadership was the main reason for why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power in 1917. Lenin was a very significant figure during the Russian revolution, under his strong leadership and the advice of some of his advisors, Lenin helped the Bolsheviks come to power. However I would not agree that his leadership was the main reason to why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power as factors such as the weakness

How Far Was the Weakness of the Provisional Government the Reason for the Bolshevik Success in October 1917?

1696 words - 7 pages How far was the weakness of the Provisional Government the reason for the Bolshevik success in October 1917? Undoubtedly, the numerous weaknesses of the provisional government played a significant role in the success of the Bolshevik party in October 1917. Their weaknesses included the lack of a shared vision between the many parties in the coalition, the fact that they believed the war was right, their absence of a strong leader and their

‘The Weimar Government completely Recovered in the period of 1924-1928’. How far do you agree?

572 words - 3 pages ‘The Weimar Government completely Recovered in the period of 1924-1928’. How far do you agree? After thorough research in this topic I am swayed more into agreeing that the Weimar Government did recover. This is because of multiple strong reasons that indicate they recovered. The Weimar was able to stabilise the economy using the Stressman’s Rentmark and taking loans from the USA. With a stable economy this shows that the Weimar

.How Far Do You Agree with the View That the Development of the Cold War in the Period 1945-50 Was the Result of Stalin’s Foreign Policy?

3210 words - 13 pages .How far do you agree with the view that the development of the Cold War in the period 1945-50 was the result of Stalin’s foreign policy? Development of the Cold War, in the five years between 1945 and 1950, could be argued as taking place for a number of reasons and due to various individuals. It could be easy to simply site Stalin as the main reason responsible for it’s outbreak and growth, clear through his approach on communist expansion

How Far Do You Agree with the View That the Development of the Cold War in the Period 1945-50 Was the Result of Stalin’s Foreign Policy?

3182 words - 13 pages be sympathetic to Stalin crossing into Revisionist waters – the source states that he did not want to take a course of “unbridled, unilateral expansionism” over Europe. This idea is hard to believe when looking at the course in which Stalin did indeed take. Though the Red Army never spread through France, it did manage to do so in many areas over Europe such as, Hungary, Romania and Albania. This was achieved by setting up pro-communist

How Far Do You Agree That the Impact of the Second World War Was the Main Reason Why the Position of African Americans Improved in the Years 1945

1461 words - 6 pages How far do you agree that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years 1945–55? The impact of the Second World War was, without a doubt, crucial in improving the lives of black Americans over the years 1945-55, as it led to federal support of the cause. However, it wasn’t as important as the use of direct action which, for the first time, was able to convert de jure into de

How Far Do You Agree That a Study of Russia in the Period from 1855 to 1956 Suggests That Change Was Always Imposed from Above?

1048 words - 5 pages How far do you agree that a study of Russia in the period from 1855 to 1956 suggests that change was always imposed from above? Throughout the period 1855-1956, it’s clear that with both the Tsars and the Bolsheviks, change was, often implemented from both the leaders and the people, However, under both Tsars and the Bolsheviks, they were ruthlessly prevented from striking, having trade unions or really having any control over the future

How Far Do You Agree That the Most Important Reason for Wolsey’s Fall from Power Was His Failure to Gain a Divorce for Henry Viii?

957 words - 4 pages The most important reason for Wolsey’s fall from power was his failure to gain a divorce for Henry VIII, how far do you agree? Wolsey’s dismissal from Henry’s court came in September 1529, though Wolsey had a plethora of failures before, his fall his failure to get a divorce for Henry VIII proved to be the most significant. This is because Wolsey’s strength of position depended on whether he got Henry what he wanted and the divorce was the

Opposition Was the Main Problem Facing Alexander3. How Far Do You Agree with the Statement?

1343 words - 6 pages remarkable by his conservative views, being part of Slavophiles movement. It was easy for him to influence Alexanders views far before he became Tsar and even after his influence kept pursuing the young Tsar. Because of Pobedonoscevs doctrines Alexander believed in order for Russia to modernise it needs to follow old traditions, so he will be safe from repeating his fathers fate. Pobedonoscev taught Alexander that basis of political stability

“Singapore’s Separation from the Federation Was Inevitable.” How Far Do You Agree with This Statement? Discuss

522 words - 3 pages Question) “Singapore’s separation from the federation was inevitable.” How far do you agree with this statement? Discuss. I agree with this statement to a large extent as during the two years when Singapore was part of Malaysia as there was an irreconcilable political difference between PAP and UMNO. Malaysia also thought of Singapore as an economical rival. The only thing that kept the two parties together

Related Essays

The Leadership Of Henry V Was Responsible For English Success In France 1415 1420, How Far Do You Agree?

825 words - 4 pages The leadership of Henry v was responsible for English success in France 1415-1420, How far do you agree? The leadership of Henry V was partially responsible for the English success in France during 1415-1420, however it can be argued that luck is a far greater factor to the English’s success, as luck was essential in several battles such as the mud in Agincourt and the fact that the Burgundian and Armagnac division was tearing France apart did

‘German Aggression Was Responsible For The Outbreak Of A General European War In August 1914.’ How Far Do You Agree With This Judgement?

1246 words - 5 pages that Germany may have provoked Austria-Hungary into “premature war”, they were not the only nation causing general war. The fact that France forced Russia into “fatal mobilisation” suggests that most people ignored other nation’s flaws and their contributions to war, scapegoating Germany in the process. Furthermore, this also argues how Germany’s aggressive Schlieffen Plan was not fully responsible for general war. Furthermore, the 1905-06

How Far Do You Agree That The Limited Appeal Of Mazzini's Ideas Was The Main Reason For The Slow Progress Of National Unity In The Years 1815 48?

1530 words - 7 pages Church were far more important reasons for the slow progress of national unity due to the impunity with which they were able to eradicate revolutionary ideas. Furthermore, the lack of willingness by the people of Italy to cooperate with each other for a common goal was more significant than the lack of support for the ideas of one man. To an extent, the nationalist revolutionary ideas of Mazzini were the only reason that the process of unification went as quickly as it did and it is evident that it would have taken a lot longer if were not for the influence and impact that his ideas had on the people of Italy.

How Far Do You Agree With The View That America Was A Land Of Opportunity During The 1920s?"

1732 words - 7 pages "How far do you agree with the view that America was a land of opportunity during the 1920s?" Explain your answer using sources 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and your own knowledge. (40 marks) The 1920s are widely known as the 'Boom Era', or the 'Roaring Twenties' and a "decade of lively economic growth" (Source 3), due to the sheer economic success and advancement, and the emergence of the motor car, Hollywood, consumerism and