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How Far Do You Agree That Lenin’s Leadership Was The Main Reason For Why The Bolsheviks Were Able To Seize Power In 1917

1350 words - 6 pages

How far do you agree that Lenin’s leadership was the main reason for why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power in 1917.

Lenin was a very significant figure during the Russian revolution, under his strong leadership and the advice of some of his advisors, Lenin helped the Bolsheviks come to power. However I would not agree that his leadership was the main reason to why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power as factors such as the weakness of the provisional government, the home front and most importantly Trotsky role all played a significant role to why the Bolsheviks were successful.

Lenin’s leadership played a significant role to why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power in 1917 ...view middle of the document...

Lenin also felt that it was time to act as his newspapers were banned which could result in the loss of seats. Since Lenin believed that revolution was in the hands of the workers he knew it was essential to act before his support was lost. However, the July days organised by Lenin was a major setback for the Bolsheviks. Lenin thought that the provisional government could be overthrown in the same way that the Tsar was during the February Revolution; instead of causing a successful demonstration he united the Provisional government and the soviets against the Bolsheviks. After this, Lenin was branded a traitor and had to flee Russia. The Bolshevik organisation in Petrograd was in tatters with most officials in prison and there leader on the run. Lenin may have had a clear aim and plan with what he wanted for Russian and his aim for, Peace, Land and bread appealed too many and gained him many supporters, however due to the July days Lenin lost some support though those who really wanted change still stuck by him and awaited his return. Lenin had evidently failed when he tried to organise a demonstration to overthrow the provisional government and needed the help of Trotsky to be able to overthrow the government as in 1917, Trotsky organised the seizure and this time it was successful. This point proves that Lenin was not capable of leading and instructing a revolution but needed guidance in order to be able to succeed however credit is still given to Lenin as he was clear sighted and had aims that appealed to the working class.

Trotsky’s role in the 1917 revolution is a very important and significant reason to why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power. Using the military revolutionary committee (MRC) of the Petrograd soviet, the Bolsheviks planned to take over the capital. The MRC was under the control of Trotsky and so the planning of the takeover was left to Trotsky, this way the Bolshevik involvement would not be so obvious and unnecessary retaliation would be avoided. Trotsky’s strategic plan was a key feature to why the revolution was successful. On the 24th October MRC units occupied key areas of Petrograd and arrested most of the Provisional Government. The MRC did not face much resistance at the winter palace which made the task a lot easier for them. During the seizure of power the MRC did not face much retaliation at all, most were eager to accept the Bolsheviks with open arms. It was due to Trotsky’s role in the MRC and past experience which enabled this seizure of power to be a success. This point is one of the most important reason or if anything the most important reason to why the Bolsheviks succeeded in seizing power in 1917. It is evidently seen that Lenin was incapable of organising and planning out a revolution which can be seen with...

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