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How Did The Interdependency Of The Alliance Systems Help Lead To The Outbreak Of World War 1? Was It Only The Alliance Systems Which Led To War Or Are There Other Factors To Consider?

1158 words - 5 pages

In 1914 the First World War broke out. This was no surprise as unrest had been building up between several European countries for a number of reasons. Already in place were two alliance systems. These consisted of the Triple Alliance which was Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, and the Triple Entente which was Britain, France and Russia. These alliances involving the major powers were brought in to try and avoid a war in Europe. Then, there was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand who was also the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne by a Serbian nationalist. Another thing that made war in the Balkans was the fight over the territories given to different countries after the split up ...view middle of the document...

, n.d.) Furthermore, because France and Britain had only signed an entente (which means 'friendly agreement'), when Count Alfred von Schlieffen devised the Schlieffen plan, the 'friendly agreement' meant that they were not required to provide military assistance for each other, so therefore, Germany thought that Britain would remain neutral if they invaded France. So, even though the alliance system did have a large impact and played a major part in the lead up to World War 1, it was not the only significant reason.On the 28th of June 1914, the Emperor of Austria-Hungary's nephew and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were paying a formal visit to the Bosnian capital Sarajevo. The Austro-Hungarian Emperor had sent them there to try and keep the peace in Bosnia as the Bosnians weren't happy about being under Austro-Hungarian rule and wanted to become part of Serbia. During the visit, both Franz Ferdinand and his wife were shot and killed at point blank range by a Serbian terrorist, Gavrilo Princip. Gavrilo Princip was a member of the Black Hand gang (a group of Serbian nationalists) which was a secret military society formed in 1901 by members of the Serbian Army. Their aim was to unite all territories with the majority of south Slavic population. The Austro-Hungarian's blamed the Serbian government for the murder of the Emperor's nephew. On July 23rd 1914, Austria-Hungary sent a harsh ultimatum to Serbia giving them two days to reply. On the 25th of July 1914, Serbia, being a proud Nationalistic country replied and rejected the ultimatum to protect their freedom. Although before Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, Austria-Hungary already hated Serbia, after the assassination, tensions rose rapidly and a war in Europe became eminent. Three days later, Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia, therefore resulting in World War 1. Although it was already likely to happen, this event was exactly what the Austro-Hungarians needed as an excuse to declare war and invade Serbia and they capitalised on it.In the year 1912, the First Balkan War broke out when Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria (also known as the Balkan League) attacked Turkey. (Lowe, 1997) The Balkan League captured almost all of Turkey's...

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