American & Wyo Government
November 12, 2011
How Democratic is the American Constitution Summary
Robert Dahl explains in the beginning of the book that he is not proposing changes in the American Constitution, but suggests changes in the way we think about our constitution. In this essay, I will explain the history of this American constitution, what Dahl suggests about the American Constitution, and my opinion about this book.
In the history of the United States, there are two factors that mark its constitutional history. For one thing, the rights of citizens were organized through limits to power, linked to a libertarian conception of liberal viewpoint. ...view middle of the document...
An instance is the majority electoral system where "the winner takes all". The difference between the votes and voices representing the people are the three majorities who are in the political system and the failure to assign clear responsibilities for each of the powers by failure. The point to fall back on is that because of the image, the ordinary people are actors within the institutional structure.
The breakdown of the political operation allows us to formulate through two working lines: the historical and comparative. Both have been studied under an idea that suggests a close relationship between design and performance. If current performance is not acceptable or if there are flaws in the design, reformulating the design would help achieve better performance in civil rights. The development of agreements and political decisions is consistently mentioned in Dahl’s goal for equality.
In the result going through the opinion of leaders trying to reach an agreement in writing, the principles contained anti-democratic articles involving both citizens and the separation of powers. The maintenance of slavery and the right to vote is not guaranteed, and the fear of a popular majority give responsibilities of government by another, induced into the body of electors as a method of presidential election, the second chamber is responsible for overrepresentation, either by unequal representation of small states as mechanisms of choice of the charges and weak limits established between the legislative and judicial branch. These issues were unacceptable to say that the original constitution was democratic.
After this historical overview, we compare four pillars of the current design structure: federalism (strong bicameralism and unequal representation in the Senate) (pg.98), the electoral system, the method of presidential election and the limits of judicial power in relation to the countries that have functioned without interruption. The overall conclusion is that the American system...