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How Convincing Is The Argument That Hitler's Responsibility For The Outbreak Of The Second World War Been Exaggerated

1307 words - 6 pages

In the light of differing interpretations, how convincing is the argument that Hitler's responsibility for the outbreak of The Second World War has been exaggerated

From the instant Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany from January 1933, began to challenge the Treaty of Versailles and adapt an aggressive foreign policy, which heavily contributed to the outbreak of World War Two. Some historians argue that Britain and France were to blame for the Second World War because they did not stand up to Hitler.The historian AJP Taylor argued that Hitler simply continued the aggressive foreign policy but others point out that he did not initially intend to the take back Germany's former colonies, ...view middle of the document...

At the Munich agreement it was agreed that only German speaking sudetenland territory would be allowed to join Germany. Even though Chamberlain returned to Britain a national hero for avoiding war although he was criticised by some politicians like Winston Churchill. The powers underestimated Hitler and did not think he would risk re-injuring the recovering German country who still owed reparations. In light of these events it is clear that Britain and France very much contributed to the outbreak of the Second World War

It is also argued that Hitler was acting mainly on circumstances rather than plan.
It is evident that Adolf Hitler was an opportunist. The fact that the people of Danzig gave him a legitimate excuse supports this, The local government had actually elected the Nazi Party and the Polish corridor wanted to be part of Germany. When Hitler heard this he used it to his advantage because he could not have predicted what this majority wanted.Contrary to intentionalist belief Hitler could not have anticipated these events so this supports the fact that he was an opportunist. Hitler did not have a plan to start the Second World War, he initially wanted peace with Britain. Not only did he mention in his book, Mein Kampf that he wanted Britain as an ally but this fact is later on proved when Hitler had a chance to destroy the RAF using the Luftwaffe during the blitzkrieg but stopped all attacks on Britain to give them a chance to join forces with Germany. This suggests that Hitler did not want to dominate Europe but instead take back his country and his land, as well as exact revenge for reparations on France.

According to the intentionalist view and extract two the Third Reich initiated the War and the invasion of Poland. Much like Germany, Italy during the 1930s was under a fascist government which was lead by a dictator named mussolini, whom was on cordial terms with Hitler. When he was named Chancellor in 1933, Hitler initiated a huge wave of public works and secret rearmament. Dictatorship and Nazism had comparative standards and Hitler and Mussolini met on a few state and private events in the 1930's. For Germany, Italy was planned to assume a key part in keeping France's attention involved if war somehow managed to break out. The Pact of Steel was a military and political partnership between Italy and Germany. The understanding depended on the presumption that a war would happen eventually. The first section encouraged the nations to revive their joint military and financial collaboration whilst the second area submitted the two nations to coordinate in 'matters of press'. Despite the fact that Germany was a sworn enemy of socialism, in August 1929 Hitler and Stalin...

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