How Can Modern Behavioural Therapies Help a Client Accept the Uncertainty of Their Future
In order to evaluate whether modern behavioural therapies can help a client accept the uncertainty of their future, I am going to look in detail at two Modern Behavioural therapies, REBT – Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy and CBT – Cognitive Behaviour Therapy to ascertain their use in therapy with a client.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is one of the classic “talking therapies” based on a concept created by Aaron Beck around the 1950's. Seen now as a short term therapy that revolves around solving problems and changing negative thinking patterns. It is a way of talking about ...view middle of the document...
CBT may also help if you have difficulties with anger, a low opinion of yourself or physical health problems, like pain or fatigue.
CBT tries to help clients make sense of overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. This makes it easier to see how they are connected and how they affect you. By breaking them down into Thoughts, Emotions, Physical Feelings and Actions can help a person think about a problem and how they feel physically and emotionally as one of these parts can affect the others. There are obviously negative and positive ways ways to react to most situations, depending on how you think and feel about them , and this may depend on the past experience you have had in similar situation. This reaction will result in either positive or negative behaviour patterns.
For example, If you were having a bad day, as the day progresses you feel more and more cross and fed up. As you are going home you see someone you know who apparently ignores you. The negative thought process tells you “ these feelings lead to you stomping home , kicking the dog eating chocolate shouting at your next door neighbour for laughing to loud. More positive though patterns would say - “well, perhaps he is having a bad day too, or perhaps he did not see me” the behaviour can be adapted to a more positive outcome – catching up with the friend and asking if he is OK. This leads to more positive feelings about your self – and so on.
CBT can help you to break the negative or downward spiral of altered thinking, feelings and behaviour. When you see the parts of the sequence clearly, you can change them - and so change the way you feel. CBT aims enable clients to 'do it themselves', and work out their own ways of tackling problems.
As a CBT therapist , you help the client learn to break each problem down into its separate parts, evaluate them more realistically and positively and this will help them to identify their individual patterns of thoughts, emotions, bodily feelings and actions. Together you will look at thoughts, feelings and behaviours to work out, more positive behaviour patterns for the future, changing unhelpful thoughts and behaviours as you go. After you have identified what you can change, a CBT therapist will recommend 'homework' – to help the client practise these changes in everyday life. The aim is to have the client reach a stage of self awareness where they can question a self-critical or upsetting thought and replace it with a more helpful (and more realistic) one.
Clients will recognise that they are about to launch a behaviour pattern that will make the situation worse and, instead, do something more positive. Sessions will include discussions on how the homework has worked and therapist actively make suggestions to improve or change the work. As with many of the person centred therapies the client is not directly challenged or confronted by the therapist, CBT is a guiding and...