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Housekeeping Essay

1080 words - 5 pages

PRINCIPLES OF CLEANING
The Basic principles of cleaning will provide the housekeeper the knowledge on what and how to clean a certain area. This involves the following:
1. Recognize the different types of dirt.
2. Know the elements of cleaning.
3. Apply cleaning methods.
1. DIRT – is a residue we remove or clean in every area.
2. DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIRT
1. DUST – is the baisc source of dirt. It is a form of particles.
2. SOIL – when the dust are mixed with water and oil.
3. STAIN – when patches of soil dry up in any surface.
4. TARNISH or DISCOLORATION – is caused by stains that were not removed for sometime.
CLEANING ELEMENTS
When ...view middle of the document...

The Cleaning methods are commonly used in the hotel:
1. Air cleaning
2. Wet and dry surface cleaning
3. washing of textile materials, and
4. Waste segregation and disposal
AIR CLEANING

Air cleaning is required when an area or space has with bad odor. Usually, the bad smell is noticed when the area is not clean. To be able to clean the area, this basic air cleaning method must be applied: dirt must removed from the area, clean the surfaces, and disinfect.
when we apply dry surface cleaning, we remove the dirt by using cleaning tools that do not require wetting while cleaning.
Wet surface cleaning requires the addition of water or other liquid on the dirt coupled with the following cleaning tools-rag, scouring pad, brush. Scrapper, wet mop, wet vacuum cleaner, carpet shampooing machine, washing machines and extractors.
WasHING TEXTILE MATERIALS
Hotels have fabric materials installed in the different areas. These materials need washing on regular schedules to maintain cleanliness.
The methods of washing are the following:
A. Wetting – where fabric is placed in water bath.
B. Suding – fabric washing detergent is applied to soften the dirt in the fabric.
3. Rinsing – to remove the dirt residues and chemicals in the fabric.
4. Extracting - to extract the water from the fabric.
5. Drying – to dry the fabric material for reinstallation.
WASte segregation and disposal
Waste segregation and disposal are essential to keeping the environment clean. This method involves all the human senses to decide which waste materials or substances should be disposed or recycled.
SOME WAYS & TIPS TO REMOVE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIRT on the carpet
SPOTS | TREATMENT |
MUD | 1. Leave to dry 2. Brush off |
COFFEE, TEA | 1. If fresh, use warm water, dry well 2. If old, use water and carpet shampoo; sponge with foam, wipe with clean cloth. 3. Dry well |
SPOTS | TREATMENT |
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES | 1. Wash with warm water and detergent 2. Rinse well 3. Dry |
URINE | 1. Sponge with salted water 2. Follow with solution of weak ammonia (2tsp ammonia & 2 cups water) 3. Rinse well 4. Dry |
Chewing Gum | 1. Scrape off excess 2. Put ice on top of the gum 3. Scrape off when frozen |
SPOTS | TREATMENT |
GREASE | 1. Absorb excess with cloth 2. Wash with water and detergent 3. Rinse...

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