September 19, 2013
In this scenario 26 year old Bradley has involved his self in a non-hostage situation. This is considered non-hostage because of his emotions. He thinks his wife is having an affair with her college professor. Bradley is in the Pre-contemplation Stage in which he sees no reason to change and is likely to resist suggestions that he change. Validating Bradley’s lack of readiness to change by making his resistance normal; supporting his effort to re-evaluate his behavior and situation; and using reassurance, empathy, sharing commonalities, humor, being non-judgmental, and active listening during this stage. Kelln and McMurtry (2007) suggest that during the pre-contemplation stage the goal is for negotiators to develop rapport and to get the actor to recognize there is a problem. I think that this situation is negotiable, because Kelln and McMurty suggest that the negotiator use the following tactics to ...view middle of the document...
I think Bradley’s instrumental demand is more important to his then his expressive demands, because he doesn’t want to hurt anybody or got to jail, so by freeing some of the hostages he believes this can be accomplished.
Bradley is in the Preparation Stage in which he recognizes the need execute the change. During the Preparation stage, Kelln and McMurtry (2007) suggest that the negotiator’s goals are to focus the actor on active problem-solving and planning an exit strategy and to keep the actor from regressing to an earlier stage of the change process, by: removing obstacles to exiting safely; making sure the actor has the physical ability to leave the location when surrender occurs; identifying key supports to surrender; planning in small, discrete steps; and showing concern for the actor’s safety.
In considering Bradley’s demands I don’t think I would provide him with alcohol, because things could go wrong or maybe even deadly if he was under the influence of alcohol. I would have to consider the safety of the hostages and would explain to Bradley that I need for him to have a clear mind and don’t want him to cloud thinking by drinking alcohol. I would suggest he ask for something else to replace the alcohol.
I do not think it would be wise for the tactical team to assault the classroom, because the longer a hostage situation lasts, the more likely that it will end peacefully. Nobody is hurt and it may just take a little more time to talk Bradley down and he may release everyone without anyone being harmed. If the tactical team go in there might be some people killed and I don’t think that is necessary to harm innocent people because it’s been three hours. I would communicate the importance of utilizing more time to talk Bradley down. The more time that is allowed the most likely this situation will end without casualties. If the tactical team go in a lot of people may get harmed. I would let them know that Bradley is in the preparation stage and it looks like he’s on his way to ending his taker over, so they should allow me more time to talk with him and I believe that Bradley would surrender peacefully.
McMains, M. J. & Mullins, W. C. (2010). Crisis negotiations (4th ed.). New Providence, NJ: LexisNexis/Anderson