Hospice and Attitudes toward Death
Soc 304: Social Gerontology
February 27, 2012
A dying man needs to die, as a sleepy man needs to sleep, and there comes a time when it is wrong, as well as useless, to resist.
Death, dying and bereavement finds a way of impacting everyday living. Images of real or fictional death are often while watching television or movies. Death can impact people on a personal and a cultural level. This essay will entail how cultural attitudes toward dying, death, and bereavement have changed. While examining hospice, the care obtained, and its role in this shift.
Cultural attitudes toward dying, death, and ...view middle of the document...
No issue has raised more controversy than euthanasia. There are two types of euthanasia. The less debated form is passive euthanasia, the withholding or withdrawal of treatment. Active euthanasia, also known as assisted suicide, remains in legal limbo. Although it is illegal in most of the Western world, public opinion supports it under certain conditions.
Hospice, the care obtained, and its role in this shift
Hospices are dedicated to providing death with dignity, free of pain. “Hospices have expanded in the United States since payment for hospice care was allowed under Medicare” (Quadagno, 2011). Although hospice care saves little in terms of public expenses, it fulfills another objective, which of providing high -quality cares at the end of life. Hospice care may be provided in several different settings including a hospital, a nursing home, or an individual's home. “The first hospices are believed to have originated in the 11th century, around 1065, when for the first time the incurably ill were permitted into places dedicated to treatment by Crusaders” (Milton, 2007).
Cicely Saunders a British registered nurse who urbanized with a dying Polish refugee helped solidify ideas that terminally ill patients needed empathetic care to help address their fears and anxieties as well as palliative comfort for physical symptoms. “Saunders emphasized focusing on the patient rather than the disease and introduced the notion of 'total pain', which included psychological and spiritual as well as the physical aspects” (Clark, 2006). She investigated with a wide range of opioids for managing physical pain but also incorporated the needs of the patient's family.
Hospice has faced resistance springing from various factors, including professional or cultural taboos against open communication about death among physicians or the wider population, discomfort with unfamiliar medical...