MWENGE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
FACULT OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
COURSE TITTLE: SOCIALIZATION PROCESS
COURSE CODE: SOC-108
HOMOSEXUALITY IN TANZANIA
MDODI F MDODI
REG: T/DEG/MWUCE/2012/ 0578
HOMOSEXUALITY IN TANZANIA
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual activity between members of the same sex or gender. As an orientation, ...view middle of the document...
1.1 Background of the problem
There are no gay bars, although there are places where gay men meet. Lesbians are less visible than gay men, but in recent years where Tanzanian society begin to encounter such threat to their culture which leads the Tanzanian government to stand still in preserving the good behaviors and morals of the Tanzanian society.
The WEZESHA organization is directed by James Wandera Ouma. Its mission is to promote, support, defend, and protect the interests and the general well-being of LGBT people in Tanzania On 16 December 2011, Ouma reported that he had been detained by the police and was released several hours later on condition that he stop his activism.
The traditional view of homosexuality assumes one man, the msenge, will play the role of a female (for money or because he is impotent, not because he wants to), while the basha, the dominant partner, is assumed to have relations with women as well as men. The msenge is more heavily stigmatized than the basha by Tanzanian tradition
Homophobia is very high. There are no hospitals where LGBT people can access treatment. The government has no programs to prevent HIV infection among the LGBT community.
In 2003, over 300 Tanzanians protested against the arrival of a gay tour group. In 2004, several Islamic groups in Zanzibar began an effort to cleanse the nation of activities it considered sinful, including homosexuality, which resulted in changes in the law which imposed harsher penalties for homosexual sex acts.
1.2 International pressure on Tanzania to legalize same-sex sexual activities
The U.S. Department of State's 2011 Human Rights Report found that "Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons faced societal discrimination [in 2011] that restricted their access to health care, housing, and employment"
The United Nations Human Rights Council in October 2011 at its meeting in Geneva completed a Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the human rights situation in Tanzania. At this UPR, Slovenia, Sweden, and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) publicly urged Tanzania to repeal its statutes that criminalize same-sex sexual activities. The UNCT said in paragraph 27 of its report,
Homosexuality is considered contrary to cultural norms; same sex sexual relations are criminalized. Group arrests in connection with peaceful assemblies, non-attendance to HIV patients, as well as forcible evictions of persons due to their sexual orientation by local and religious communities have been reported. Moreover, representatives of the groups and other human rights defenders may not be willing to make public statements in favor of tolerance and decriminalization for fear of reprisals.
Tanzania refused. Mathias Meinrad Chikawe, the Tanzanian Minister of State and Good Governance, said in Geneva,
There was an issue raised on same-sex marriages, etc. It is true we do not have a law allowing same-sex marriages in our country, and that I say again, due to our own traditions and...