Unit 1 Assignment 1
March 26, 2015
What is hypertension (HTN)?
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure (tension) becomes elevated (hyper) in the arteries causing the heart to have to work harder. You can think of it like blowing up a balloon using a tube attached from your mouth to the balloon. The tubing represents your arteries, the balloon your heart, and you the risks factors that changes air flow (blood flow) to the balloon that inflates and deflates it. Normal blood pressure is within a range below 120/80. The first number (systolic) shows the pressure for when the heart beats and the second number (diastolic) measures pressure between heartbeats, at a time at which the heart is refilling with blood, considered being at a brief rest. When you have a poor diet high in salt and processed foods, overweight, ...view middle of the document...
It opens up the possibility of having strokes, heart disease, and kidney disease. A stroke can have significant affects to your nervous and muscular systems. Kidney disease can affect the urinary system.
What is diabetes?
There are insulin-producing beta cells found in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone produced by the body to reduce blood glucose concentration. If these cells are not properly producing insulin it causes an increase of glucose (sugar) in blood and urine. It is your cells that need the glucose but it is being blocked like a goalie does in soccer for the kicker. When you suffer from diabetes you find yourself using the bathroom more than normal. It is because the kidneys are working harder to filter out the extra glucose. This causes you to be hungrier or thirstier more often than usual. Your endocrine system has a hard time properly knowing how to release and create hormones the body needs to stay at an “even” level. Regulating and keeping the body stable in all functions. Being thirsty more often is from urinating more frequently. The cells aren’t getting the glucose it needs for nutrition so the body thinks it’s “starving” resulting in increased hunger. There is no cure for diabetes however with in cooperating regular exercise, proper diet, and insulin injections it can be maintained.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Handler J, et al. 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014 Feb 5;311(5):507-520.
James PA, Oparil S, Carter BL, et al. 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014;311(5):507-520.
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes -- 2014. Diabetes Care. 2014;37 Suppl 1:S14-S80.
Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms: What a Parent Needs to Know About Juvenile Diabetes