HIV/AIDS Policy Process
HCS/455 Health Care Policy: The Past and the Future
University of Phoenix, Augusta Campus
June 9th, 2011
Sharon E. Reed. MA, MPA
HIV/AIDS Policy Process Part I
The Offices of HIV/AIDS Policy spear-headed by the president of the United States promotes health and human services policies concerning implementation and development of HIV/AIDS policy, programs and resources. This paper will describe the first three stages of the policy process. The stages of interest here are the formulation, legislative and implementation stages.
The goal of the HIV/AIDS Policy is to engage individuals, schools, organizations, and communities for the fight ...view middle of the document...
S. and international
The HIV/AIDS policy will clearly state its goals, priorities and strategies to be adopted into policy. Policy making is a cycle that is continuous and facilitates organized thinking about policy. The World Health Organizations’ places health on the agenda of policy makers in all sectors and levels with the direction of being aware of consequences, decisions, and accepting the responsibility for health (WHO 1986).
The Legislative Stage
During the legislative stage Congress, the executive branches, courts, and special interest groups become involved with the policy making process. The process continues with adoption and the passing of a bill into legislation by the Congress. During this time the regulation of the bill becomes final.
The legislative stage presents strategy that propels service to every person regardless to race, gender, age or socio-economic status, having complete access to care and treatment of HIV/AIDS that is free from any discrimination or negativity (National HIV/AIDS Strategy, July 2010). The strategy includes timelines, goals and mechanisms for accountability. The administration presents plans for measuring progress and identifies steps for moving forward.
The documentation includes evaluation on progress made and modifications where necessary when experiencing setbacks. The Federal agencies working together to make things happen are Health and Human Services Offices, Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services, and the Center for Disease Control .Other nongovernmental partners such as public health departments, health care organizations, physicians, individuals, and community based organizations, and tribal governments also work to encourage the plan of strategy.
The development of state plans should ensure cooperation from local government, HIV/AIDS agencies, and health departments, tribal government, private and community-based groups. The plan should encourage and identify resources that allocate efficient and high quality of care and prevention while supplying social services to those in need. There are two acts that have passed the legislative process and the names of these acts are the Ryan White Act 1996 and the National Black Clergy for the Elimination for HIV/AIDS Act of 2009.
The Ryan White Act is a discretionary care grant program which provides funding for the treatment of uninsured individuals including women, children, and infants. This act is the only one of its kind specifically designed to help those affected by the virus. Besides Medicaid/Medicare, the Ryan White is a major source of funding for HIV/AIDS patients.
The National black Clergy for the Elimination HIV/AIDS Act of 2009 was developed by black clergy, and other outstanding black organizations. The bill was introduced into legislation by a senator and representative from the democratic part of New York State. This bill is the first legislation to be led by black clergymen. The legislation calls for: