JUNE 19, 2012
In this paper we will discuss several components about the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or better known as (H.I.V.). Some of the questions answered today are, How is (HIV) spread, once infected with the disease can it be cured and if not cured how well is it managed, We will also look at the beginning of the diseases life, what demographics are the most affected, the future of the disease and how much as a global community we have spent to combat (HIV).
(HIV) was first clinically observed in its most advanced form as Autoimmune Deficiency Syndrome better known as (AIDS) IN 1981. The ...view middle of the document...
Both HIV-1 and HIV-2 are believed to have originated in West-Central Africa and to have jumped species a process called zoonosis from non human primates to humans. HIV-1 appears to have originated in southern Cameroon. There are some evidence humans who participate in bushmeat activities either as hunters or vendors commonly acquire a disease known as simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) that infects wild chimpanzees. SIV is a weak virus that the human immune system suppresses after a couple of weeks. It would require many quick transmissions in order for the disease to mutate to HIV.
The quick and vast spread of HIV has been linked to the emergence of colonialism and the growth of large colonial African cities in the 19th century. Colonialism had many social changes to Africa, prostitution was rampant and sexual promiscuity was wide spread. An outbreak of genital ulcer diseases such as syphilis was not uncommon. Though transmission of HIV during vaginal intercourse is relatively low, the chances of contracting the disease increase many folds if one of the parties involved suffers from a genital ulcer disease.
More people are living with HIV than ever before mainly due to greater access to medical treatment. At the end of 2010, an estimated 34 million people are living with HIV around the world. That is a 17 percent increase from 2001. There were 7 million new HIV infections in 2010 this figure includes an estimated 390 thousand new infections in children. In 2009 the African American population made up only 14 percent of the United States population while at the same time African Americans account for 44 percent of all new HIV infections in that same year. African Americans have been the most devastated ethnic group by HIV especially African American men. In 2009 70 percent of all African Americans infected with H.I.V. are men; African American men are six and a half times more likely to contract HIV than Caucasian men. In the same year African American woman made up 30 percent of the new infections amongst African Americans. Most (85%) of infected African American woman were infected through heterosexual intercourse. African American woman are 15 times more likely to contract HIV than Caucasian women.
The African continent represents ¾ of the population infected with HIV an estimated 22.9 million people are infected with HIV in Africa. HIV has also seen a dramatic increase in Eastern Europe and Central Asia both regions saw HIV...