This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hiv Ethics Study Essay

2328 words - 10 pages

HIV Disclosure to Sexual Partners an Ethics Study
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a prominent disease in the United States today. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately fifty thousand Americans will be newly diagnosed with HIV this year alone (Basic Statistics, 2014). Although HIV can be transmitted in several ways the most common ways are via sexual transmission or intravenous drug use. Therefore there has always been a stigma attached to HIV – even for those who are in the health profession. A nurse who has been in this vocation for twenty years will probably be able to tell you of a nurse who refused to take care of an HIV patient. Nursing ...view middle of the document...

A nurse, knowing about these problems, may be compelled to reveal the new diagnosis of HIV to the unsuspecting partner. The nurse may even feel that the partner has a right to know, based on the ethical principal of nonmaleficence.
Nurses may also be on the side of the newly diagnosed patient. There are five stages of grief that a person may go through upon hearing negative news. A patient may disclose their HIV status after they have initially gone through these stages of grief. In addition, the nurse may not want to reveal the patients status because they need to maintain a health care relationship with the individual. Trust is very important between a health care provider and the patient. Thus a nurse may not want to violate this trust by revealing HIV status. Some nurses also may understand that the patient may have other reasons for not disclosing HIV status at this time. Patients with HIV may be apprehensive in telling their partners for financial reasons, fear of abandonment, or a fear of violence (Benotsch et al., 2012, p. 1049). Nurses, understanding the extenuating circumstances, may decide not to reveal the HIV status of their patient.
Legally the federal government has already answered the question on if a nurse can reveal the HIV status of an individual. According to the law, specifically the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA), patients have a right to expect privacy and confidentiality from their health care providers. Therefore, a nurse does not have the option to disclose their patient’s HIV status to another person. In the state of Michigan, health professionals do not have the right to arbitrarily reveal HIV status. However, a physician or any legal health officer can reveal HIV status to a known contact of the individual if the disclosure is determined necessary to reduce the risk of transmission (Michigan HIV Laws, 2006). But, the health professional would need to obtain this list from the patient. If the patient does not reveal his sexual partners, than the health professional cannot disclose that person’s HIV status. Finally, if the health professional knows the patient’s partner, and the patient still does not want their HIV status known; the health professional does not have the right to provide this information.
The American Nurse Association (ANA) also have their own views about revealing HIV status of patients. Several ANA position statements coincide with the laws that are already in place in regards to HIV disclosure. In the book, ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements, provision 1.4 states that a patient has a right to self-determination (Interpretive Statements, 2001, p. 12). In provision 3, the ANA states that a nurse safeguards a patient’s privacy and that a nurse has a duty to keep the confidentiality of their patient (Interpretive Statements, 2001, p. 16). In ANA Privacy and Confidentiality Statement on their website, “A nurse does not...

Other Papers Like Hiv Ethics Study

Cja/374 Causation and Diversion Essay

962 words - 4 pages died. One famous syphilis victim was the notorious gangster Al Capone. The discovery of penicillin changed the fatal outcome of the syphilis disease. However, one of the most egregious breaches of medical ethics occurred as part of syphilis research. The Tuskegee experiment represents that breach of medical ethics. The study of black men, from the Tuskegee area, infected with syphilis and studied without treatment provided America with the

Spirituality Essay

628 words - 3 pages . A similar survey was conducted of medical schools in Canada. Of the 17 medical schools in Canada, 76% responded noting at least one topic related to spirituality in humanities or ethics courses. No school, however, listed spirituality as one of the top important topics. Qualitative comments indicated the interest for more formal curricular initiatives. The Spirituality and will to Live in HIV/AIDS patients This study on the will to live in

Case Unethical Boss

1026 words - 5 pages household medium is $12,000 yearly. The Health Department has vital agencies that support the resident’s immediate needs, such as WIC (Women, Infant, and Children) Immunization, Homeless Health Care Project, Sexual Transmitted Diseases, Dental and Medical Clinics, and most important Ryan White/ HOPWA Unit, for HIV/AIDS. The City of Newark at one time had the highest population of AIDS cases in the United States. The federal government had given

Conflict Between Medical Research and Ethics

2063 words - 9 pages public health issues. Dr. Stephen B. Thomas and Dr. Sandra Crouse Quinn conducted a review of The Tuskegee Study of the 1930’s and wrote an article in 1991 titled “Light on the Shadow of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study”. Thomas and Quinn states, “The strategies used to recruit and retain participants were quite similar to those being advocated for HIV/AIDs prevention programs today. Almost 60 years after the study began, there remains a trail of

Nestle Infant Formula Controversy

1669 words - 7 pages whether the decisions of Nestle were socially responsible and ethical the questions to each principle must be evaluated and answered. Utilitarian ethics questions whether the actions optimize the common good or benefits of all constituencies. Based on the case study, Nestle believed that their formula was an important supplement to women who were not able to produce the amount of milk needed for an infants proper nutrition, which is one of the

Heredity and disease

2293 words - 10 pages of Hereditary and variation of inherited character. As genes affect development and functions in both normal and abnormal individuals, the study of genetics with different branches such as immuno-genetics, population genetics, cytogenetics, microbial genetics, clinical genetics, pharmaco genetics, biochemical genetics etc. play a pivotal role in the milestones of human development and the medical and social preventive measures and medical ethics

Analysis Paper Draft

3583 words - 15 pages Committee (ACA) chairs regarding their experiences, learning, and insights in the area of professional counselors or ethics resulting from their service on the committee. The establishment of a code of ethics signifies the maturation of a professional and results from the evolution of a collective professional identity within the organization. It was discussed that although this study was limited in scope, the reflections of past ACA Ethics Committee

Paradise Part 2

917 words - 4 pages . I decided that we shouldn’t take all of their resources and not give back and make a difference. Seacai’s perfect events will not only implement their organizational process, Human resources and ethics, but we will apply smart decision-making techniques. Decision-Making is the study of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision maker (Harris, 2009). We will discuss in this paper a decision-making

Ethical Frameworks

1072 words - 5 pages confidentiality policies in healthcare is beneficence. An ethical issue that is closely related to this is the reporting of sexually transmitted disease, as described in the Bioethics on NBC’s ER article. "There already exists a hesitancy for patients to share information with health care providers. Too many reported breaches of confidentiality have appeared in the media. "High risk" patients with HIV or AIDS, genetic diseases, or mental illness

Development Consultant

7577 words - 31 pages two thus frequently revolve around what the best basis for morality is as much as what the proper moral behavior should be. Analytic Ethics (Metaethics): Analytic ethics, also called metaethics, is disputed by some philosophers disagree as to whether it should be considered an independent pursuit, arguing that it should be included under Normative Ethics. In principle, metaethics is the study of assumptions people make when engaging in normative

Suicide Or A Well-Reasoned End Of Life Decision

843 words - 4 pages Case Study 2: Suicide or Well-Reasoned End-of –Life Decision? In the case of Jason, the 38 year old gay man with AIDS who is considering a rational suicide, there are several ethical and legal issues that the counselor has to consider in order to effectively continue to treat the client. Jason has disclosed to his counselor that he was considering to stop taking his medications which will ultimately end his

Related Essays

Ethics And The Hiv Epidemic Essay

1352 words - 6 pages With nearly 80% of underdeveloped countries lacking the capacity and money to produce drugs to combat the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it is important to look at how we, as a nation, can help, and if, indeed, we should help. We should look at our responsibilities as a country, as a world, and also as individuals to decide the correct course of action. The utilitarian view of ethics looks to bring about as much happiness as possible for the greatest

Debate On The Ethics Of Aids

1977 words - 8 pages ). This article … ii. AIDS Vaccines and Reproductive Immunology (Bourinbaiar, Jirathitikal, Silin, Nian-Qing & Abulafia-Lapid, 2007). This article… iii. Correlates of negative intent to receive an AIDS vaccine: an exploratory study (Crosby, Holtgrave, Bryant, & Frew, 2004). iv. AIDS Care (AIDS CARE), Dhalla S; Nelson KE; Singer J; Poole G. (2009). This article describe how developing an HIV vaccines may

Survey Research Essay

4263 words - 18 pages HIV/AIDS Affect on the African American Community Nicole Donald Capella University HIV/AIDS Affect on the African American Community HIV/AIDS is prevalent in the African American community. African Americans are among the highest risk group for contracting HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS has been an issue in the African-American community for a number of years. This learner will provide a general overview on the ethnic population under study but will

Hiv/Aids And Culture Essay

5370 words - 22 pages with sex workers. In a study done by Abubakar (2012) where they studied sex workers from 52 different brothels all around Africa. In this study they found that the sex workers continued to have unprotected sex with clients even when they knew either that they had a sexually transmitted disease or were HIV/AIDS positive (Abubakar, 2012, pg. 65). A surprising amount of the sex workers seemed to think that no method, whether it be condoms, vaginal