This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hiv/Aids: An Overview Essay

1541 words - 7 pages

HIV/AIDS: An Overview
Virginia Skov
Axia College of University of Phoenix
July 12, 2009

There is an epidemic that is sweeping the world today and no one is immune to its devastating outcome. This epidemic knows no boundaries. Age, gender, ethnic background, race or religion does not play a role in how this epidemic affects people. This epidemic is known as HIV slash AIDS.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are two different diseases. When a person gets HIV there are four stages in which the disease progresses. According to essortment (2002),
The period following infection is called the window. [This period] is called this ...view middle of the document...

The six ways are; unprotected sex, getting infected blood into the mucous system, using dirty needles or by way of a needle stick, blood transfusions, during birth and during breast feeding. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2007), “Some people fear that HIV might be transmitted in other ways; however, no scientific evidence to support any of these fears has been found” (para. 2). HIV is a slow acting virus and can take years after a person is infected before a person starts to show symptoms. This makes this disease dangerous because a person may not be aware that he or she is infected. Once a person is infected, there is a high chance that the disease will progress into the final stage of AIDS.
When a person is first infected with the HIV virus, the body starts to fight the invading cells which can cause flu-like symptoms. The bodies CD4 cells, also known as T-helper cells, begin to be destroyed. These cells are very important for the body’s immune system to function properly. Without these cells, the body is unable to fight off infections and disease. According to AIDS.org (2007), “HIV disease becomes AIDS when your immune system is seriously damaged. If you have less than 200 CD4 cells or if your CD4 percentage is less than 14%, you have AIDS” (para. 4). When the body’s CD4 cells become low enough for the person with HIV to become an AIDS patient, the body’s immune system is unable to perform its job. An AIDS patient will be more susceptible to infections and in some cases the patients own body will attack itself. Although there is no cure for this horrible disease, a person with AIDS does have some treatment options.
The main treatment that people infected with the HIV slash AIDS virus undergo is an antiretroviral drug treatment. While this treatment will not cure HIV or AIDS, it can help keep the patient from becoming ill. While on this type of treatment, the patient will have to take more than one type of antiretroviral drug. This is called combination therapy. The reason for this is because the virus can become resistant to just one drug and that drug would no longer work. Even with combination therapy the virus can still become resistant and new medications would need to be started. The way to tell if a treatment plan is not working is by getting a blood test. The blood test will tell the doctor how high the patient’s viral load is. If the viral load is high, then new antiretroviral drugs will need to be administered. Another treatment that most infected people will have to undergo is pain management.
According to Avert (2009), “Pain is a major issue for people living with HIV and AIDS. Pain can result from the virus itself, various forms of treatment, opportunistic infections and cancers” (para. 1). Depending on what is causing the pain determines the treatment options. If the antiretroviral drugs are the cause, a doctor may change the patient’s drug therapy. If the virus itself is causing the pain, a...

Other Papers Like Hiv/Aids: an Overview

The Effect of Hiv/Aids on Women

1073 words - 5 pages fully developed and are therefore more susceptible to damage – including tearing – and infection (“Women and HIV/AIDS” 7; Fleshman). The factors contributing to the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in women that these three articles touched on give an overview as well as a brief understanding of the challenges present in trying to alleviate the problem. They summarized many of the same contributing issues and provided readers with a basic understanding

Hiv Human Immunodeficiency Virus Research Paper

2585 words - 11 pages later. PATHOLOGICAL AGENT HIV/AIDS virus is an autoimmune disease that attacks the immune system and prevents it from defending itself from invading pathogens. HIV is an STD, It can be spread by contact with infected blood and from a mother to her child during pregnancy, birth or breast-feeding. If left untreated it can take years before HIV weakens a person’s immune system to the point of developing AIDS. HIV is the pathogenic agent

Hiv: A Retrospective Overview

2102 words - 9 pages 1959 to the sequence discover in 1960, researchers found a major genetic difference between them. Such a discovery illustrates diversification of HIV occurred long before the AIDS pandemic was recognized (AVERT). Transmission of HIV The majority of HIV infections occur through sexual contact. Sexual transmission occurs when the infected sexual secretions of an infected person come into contact with the genital, oral, or rectal mucous

Hca 240 Infectious Disease

666 words - 3 pages as one of the top causes of death in women. HIV is the fourth leading cause of death among women today. HIV is growing among minorities and is the largest in African-American males, with a rate of 6% rate of an African-American male having the disease, and it is also higher with Hispanics more than Caucasians (Zelman, Raymond, Holdaway, & Mulvilhil. 2010). Subsequently, HIV and AIDS is not the same thing. According to the Center for Disease

Scholarly Article Review

1020 words - 5 pages an HIV-infected person to develop AIDS; antiretroviral drugs can slow down the process even further” (World Health Organization, 2010). Some of the most popular ways HIV can be transmitted from person to person is through sexual intercourse, blood transfusions, sharing or reusing contaminated needles, and between a mother and her infant during pregnancy (World Health Organization, 2010). Preventing HIV/AIDS is a major health promotion goal

Administrative Ethics

1076 words - 5 pages out-of-pocket cost. It will also assure the HIV/AIDS patients that their privacy will not be an issue. Although discrimination is a legal issue, Anthem Blue Cross’ policy states they do not discriminate on the basis of disease states, and they are reasonable and compliant with applicable laws. Because discrimination is a legal issue it would be up to a judge and jury to propose a solution that would be in the best interest of the HIV/AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

1952 words - 8 pages infected individual, but it will dramatically prolong the person’s life and decrease the chances of infecting other individuals. Today, with early diagnosis and treatment, an HIV infected person can live a pretty normal life expectancy (AIDS.gov, 2014). Currently there are about 30 different drugs approved to treat HIV/AIDS, and there are more being developed. The regimen taken is usually three different antiretroviral drugs and this is

Aids Epidemic

1624 words - 7 pages (HAART) along with NRTI. With the medications, there are numerous side effects when taking. Some of the side effects of these drugs include attacking the metabolism, damage to major organs such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys. Events such as World AIDS Day help to promote and bring awareness to the prevention of AIDS/HIV. National HIV testing is an event that promotes getting tested and knowing your status. Many celebrities including Bono, Alicia

The Global Significance of the Pattern of Hiv/Aids

716 words - 3 pages nations agriculture and resources and when they are harmed, it affects all the rest of the people in the world. The second reason HIV/AIDS is significant is that we could see an outbreak in any country. A lot of developing countries have the highest rates of HIV/AIDS and many developed countries have the lowest rates. However recently we are seeing that, as safe as some developed countries think they are, an outbreak could happen virtually

The Devasting Effects Of The AIDS

1174 words - 5 pages from somebody else who has it (Houle 7). “Immuniodefienciency” means there is an issue with the body's immune system, one's immune system is what cures somebody when they get a cold or any kind of sickness (Houle 8). “Syndrome” is defined as more than one symptoms make a specific problem. (Houle 8). HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency virus, is what causes AIDS. (Houle 8-9). HIV is a virus that gets rid of healthy cells that back the immune system

Aids- a Global Phenomenon

1304 words - 6 pages host countries may disallow migrants from countries that have a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS (such as: Africa) to enter their country until they have been tested for AIDS and if they are found to have AIDS they are deported back to Africa(their country of origin). As a further precaution countries surrounding country affected by AIDS may even erect trade barriers between themselves and the affected country as an extra precaution to further

Related Essays

Hac 240 Hiv/Aids An Overview Essay

1502 words - 7 pages HIV/AIDS: An Overview AIDS was first reported in the United States in 1981, almost 30 years ago, and 21 years ago HIV was first recognized. However, many people are still confused about the differences between AIDS and HIV. These two illnesses are different in many ways and very similar in one very unique way. In this short essay my goal is to clarify the confusion on the differences between HIV and AIDS and explain how they are related. HIV

Hiv And Aids Essay

1046 words - 5 pages virus, let’s discuss AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. The AIDS virus infects the key cells CD4-postitive T (CD4+T cells) cells which fights off infections and diseases. When the HIV virus invades the body’s CD4+ T cells the already damaged immune system loses its ability to defend against diseases caused by bacteria, viruses and other microscopic organisms (McGowan, 2007). AIDS is an advanced stage of the HIV virus yet not

Aids Project Essay

2520 words - 11 pages Background:- Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immune deficiency virus (HIV). During an initial infection a person may experience a brief period of influenza like infections and illness. Prolonged periods without treatment cause death. The disease includes tumors, opportunistic infections and damage of the immune system. Transmission of HIV/AIDS is caused by several ways

Hiv And Aids Essay

1393 words - 6 pages disease. This paper will be detailing the causes and effects, the different ways a person can acquire this infection, and the treatments of the HIV disease. The HIV/ AIDS infection has been an epidemic everywhere in the United States and including other countries. But during the 1990’s there has been a rise of the epidemic in thailand, and there are many cases that go unaccounted for in Africa. This chart shows how the rates increased during