Professor Lilia Anand
HIEU 201-B05 LUO
July 29, 2011
Union of Upper and Lower Egypt: 2900 B.C.
The union of Upper and Lower Egypt was important the development of Western Civilization because it was where the essential and remembered elements of the Egyptian civilization were established and finalized as well as when the pyramids where built that thousands of people visit every year. The union of Upper and Lower Egypt was accomplished when Narmer, or Menes, conquered the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. Doing this centralized Menes’ rule and began construction of the great pyramids; during the times of the construction of the pyramids. The pyramids were ...view middle of the document...
Winning every battle Alexander proved to be an intelligent and daring military leader and extended his empire from Greece to India. Alexander was driving force for bringing the East and West together by marrying a Persian woman and encouraging his soldiers to do the same, as well as assimilating Persian youths into hi army. Alexander also founded many Greek cities in Asia so that the Greeks and Asians would mix with each other. Alexander was romanticized and his conquests and life have made him one of the best known personalities from world history.
Formation of the Roman Republic: 509 B.C.- 27 B.C.
The formation of the Roman Republic was important to the development of Western Civilization because it gave us the basis for our constitution and our politics and law. By doing this the Romans came to view law as an expression of the people and not a creation of gods or kings. During this time the Roman Republic also distinguished itself from the Greeks by practicality and common sense rather than the rational thinking of the Greeks. This helped the Roman Republic to maintain a tight grip on the reigns of power unlike the Greeks who suffered from tyrants. Because of this tight grip of power Rome was enabled to expand and become the dominant power in that time, not only did it dominate and flourish but Rome also learned to adapt and assimilate other peoples and laws into its political community and tried to gain the loyalty of the peoples they conquered instead of blatant tyranny. “Rome essentially used its power to establish order, build roads, when it conquered it spread civilization and maintained peace and when it destroyed it rebuilt creatively. The Romans “developed the procedures of public politics and the legal state” which is we use as our basis in our democratic government today. (Perry, 2009) The Republic helped develop the ideas of check and balances, separation of powers, a law code, and a constitution.
Political Violence and Civil Wars in Rome: 88-31 B.C.
The political violence and civil wars in Rome during the time period of 88-31 B.C. was important to the development of Western Civilization because it helped the transition of Rome from a republic to a stable and flourishing empire. Rome had acquired an empire but did not have government to support it; with not much left to conquer Rome suffered from numerous internal conflicts caused by the pursuit of luxury and money over civil duties and loyalty. Another one of these internal conflicts was economical strife caused by agricultural crisis that came from the devastation of numerous wars, increased slave labor, and less resources for their large number of war veterans. All of these conflicts led to the Gracchan Revolution that tried to lead to political reform however it instead had a violent end and led to an era of power struggles and civil wars. The amassing internal conflicts reached its peak with the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C. Though Rome suffered...