HISTORY OF TRAINING AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
It has been a way of life that, the trades of adults have been taught to children to prepare them to face the real world. During the course of time people have changed, become more intricate and along with them, the skills applied and the tools used to do the work have also transformed. In a situation to manage these changes in the production, and substance of operation, job training also evolved
In olden times, the kind of work that people did was mainly unskilled or did not require expert knowledge. Older and experienced members of the group would usually pass their knowledge on to the young ones through direct instructions.
This would usually ...view middle of the document...
But eventually manufacturing factories had such a high volume of requirement that, the old-style trainee system was inadequate and it was necessary to institute a factory school to train the workers. Training room by that time had become a customary place of education, and were simply reconstructed in the factories.
• 1933: The Wagner-Peyser Act creates the US Employment Service
Whenever it was needed for a firm to train a large numbers of men on machine operations, formerly used methods have proved to be insufficient. Well experienced trainers were required for such a daunting task.
In 1938 the first train-the-trainer programs for supervisors are developed by the Industry Service of the War Manpower Commission and 1940 the US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order calling for the government to provide training for its employees
The training was done with the following kept in mind:
• Training should be done within industry by supervisors who should be trained how to teach.
• Training should be done in groups of nine to eleven workers.
• The job should be analysed before training.
• Break-in time is reduced when training is done on the job.
• When given personal attention in training, the worker develops a feeling of loyalty.
Job instruction training (JIT) was implemented to train plant managers in instructing the new employees in necessary job skills as quickly as possible.
They were followed as:
• Prepare the learner. Put him at ease, explain what the job is, and explain the importance of the job.
• Give a step-by-step presentation of the job. Explain the what, when, how, why and where of the job, then demonstrate them. Have the learner explain each step, then let the learner demonstrate each step.
• Do the performances try-out. Have the learner do the steps under supervision.
• Follow-up. Inspect the work regularly.
Trainers began considering the level of efficacy their training programs had, and were interested in developing them to be more resourceful.
The 1960s witnessed an increasing demand of training methods as the number of corporations using training centres increased by the end of the 60’s.
The Government initiated programs to train young men for industrial jobs, such as the Job Development Program in 1965. These Government programs were aimed intensively at minorities as a group and required corporations to increase their efforts to recruit minorities.
• 1970: The new US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) mandates safety education and training for workers
• 1973: The International Federation of Training and Development Organizations is formed
In the late 1980s and early 1990’s there was a significant change in the social, economic and political aspect of life, that had an intense effect on the way...