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History Of Special Education Essay

802 words - 4 pages

The Pre-Referral Process
Heather Walden
Module 4
May 28, 2014

The Pre-Referral Process
The pre-referral process is a preventative measure that can help to eliminate inappropriate referrals for special education. Pre-referral supports general education teachers when they have students who exhibit academic or behavioral problems. During the pre-referral process, teachers document and explain the various difficulties and challenges that the student has and finds various instructional interventions to see if progress can be made. The pre-referral process helps students to not to be misidentified and placed in a special education program. If modifications/accommodations can be ...view middle of the document...

Progress is monitored at least twice a month to see if the more individual methods are working. PBIS stands for Positive Behavioral Intervention and Supports. Positive Behavioral Intervention and Supports provides the same services as the RTI, but the focus tends to focus more on behavior rather than academics. When behavior is the main concern, PBIS is usually the intervention that teachers tend to use. PBSI allows teachers the opportunity to reduce or maybe even prevent unwanted behaviors or even reduce the further developing. Positive behavior reinforcement is one of the main goals of PBSI. When students who struggle with behavior have a particular plan in place, they seem to be more able to control their behavior. Teachers should have a plan in place that involves rules, consequences, and rewards for the behaviors in which they desire for their students to exhibit. In return, research shows that teachers who implement PBSI tend to have less discipline referrals and dealing with negative behaviors. The effectiveness of both programs are that they allow early intervention and the delay usually caused by traditional methods in identifying students with special needs is minimized. “IDEA has authorized the use of RTI as an alternative to the traditional referral process” (Lecture 4, 2011). Students, parents and school faculty all benefit from both interventions when used properly. RTI supports instruction by creating natural pathways for the academic support of struggling students. PBSI reduces problem behavior, which as...

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