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History Of English Language Essay

1342 words - 6 pages

ИСТОРИЯ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

I. Внешняя история
1. Периодизация истории АЯ. Основные события в истории английского народа и его культуры, на которых основана эта периодизация.
2. История Британских островов до переселения англосаксонских племен.
3. Англосаксонские племена на континенте и их переселение в Британию.
4. Образование диалектов древнеанглийского (да.) языка и их соотношение с племенными диалектами. Роль Уэссекского диалекта.
5. Памятники письменности да. периода.
6. Влияние скандинавского завоевания на развитие АЯ. Скандинавские заимствования, их специфические черты и распределение по диалектам.
7. Нормандское завоевание и его значение для истории ...view middle of the document...

2. Состав согласных фонем д-а языка. Отражение действия закона Вернера в д-а консонантизме.
3. Количественные изменения гласных фонем в с-а период. Фонологический результат этих изменений.
4. Качественные изменения гласных фонем в с-а период.
5. Вокализация щелевых в с-а период и образование новых дифтонгов. Система дифтонгов с-а периода.
6. Изменения согласных фонем в са. период.
7. Великий сдвиг гласных. Различные датировки сдвига и их обоснование. Фонологические результаты сдвига.
8. Вокалические изменения в рна. Период: краткие гласные и дифтонги.
9. Консонантные изменения в рна.
III. Историческая морфология
1. Общая хар-ка морф.категорий существительного в д-а период.
2. Система склонения в д-а период и ее дальнейшее развитие.
3. Развитие отдельных именных категорий имени сущ.
4. Общая хар-ка категорий прилагательного в д-а период.
5. Исторические изменения в системе категорий прилагательного.
6. Хар-ка местоимений и их разрядов в древнеанглийском.
7. Развитие личных местоимений.
8. Развитие указательных местоимений. Определенный и неопределенный артикли.
9. Морфологическая классификация глаголов в д-а языке.
10. Развитие сильных глаголов.
11. Развитие слабых глаголов.
12. Претерито-презентные и неправильные глаголы в д-а языке и их дальнейшее развитие.
13. История личных форм глагола в изъявительном и сослагательном наклонениях.
14. Зарождение и развитие форм перфекта.
15. Зарождение и развитие форм будущего времени.
16. Зарождение и развитие форм длительного разряда.
17. Зарождение и развитие форм страдательного залога.
18. Возникновение и развитие сложных глагольных форм с глаголом to do. История вопросительных и отрицательных предложений.
IV. Исторический синтаксис
1. Типы синтаксических связей в да и их дальнейшее развитие.
2. Порядок слов в да и его дальнейшее развитие.
3. Структурные типы простого предложения в да.
4. Развитие структурных типов простого предложения в са и рна.
5. Типы сложных предложений в да.
6. Типы синтаксических связей в сложноподчинённом предложении да и их дальнейшее развитие.

I. Внешняя история

1. Периодизация истории АЯ. Основные события в истории английского народа и его культуры, на которых основана эта периодизация.

История английского языка традиционно делится на три периода: 1) древнеанглийский - период от начала письменных памятников (VII в.) до конца XI в.; 2) среднеанглийский-от начала XII в. до XV в. (многие историки включают XV в. в среднеанглийский период; другие считают его переходным периодом между средне- и новоанглийским); 3) новоанглийский - от XVI в. до наших дней; XVI и XVII вв. - ранненовоанглийский период.
Эта периодизация в общем удобна, но основана главным образом на экстралингвистических фактах - на событиях внешней истории Англии, являющихся вехами в смене как экономических формаций, так и политических форм управления:...

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