HISTORY OF DENTISTRY
- 5000 BC- A Sumerian text of this date describes “tooth worms” as the cause of dental decay.
- 2600 BC-Death of Hesy-Re, an Egyptian scribe, often called the first “dentist.”
- 1700-1550 BC- Ebers Papyrus, refers to diseases of the teeth and various toothache remedies.
- 500-300 BC- Hippocrates and Aristotle write about dentistry, including the eruption pattern of teeth, treating decayed teeth and gum disease, extracting teeth with forceps, and using wires to stabilize loose teeth and fractured jaws
- 100 BC- Celsus (Roman medical ...view middle of the document...
- 1575- In France Ambrose Pare (known as the Father of Surgery) publishes his Complete Works. This includes practical information about dentistry such as tooth extraction and the treatment of tooth decay and jaw fractures.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONALISM -18TH CENTURY
- 1723-Pierre Fauchard (a French surgeon) publishes The Surgeon Dentist, A Treatise on Teeth (Le Chirurgien Dentiste). Fauchard is credited as being the Father of Modern Dentistry because his book was the first to describe a comprehensive system for the practice of dentistry including basic oral anatomy and function, operative and restorative techniques, and denture construction.
- 1746- Claude Mouton describes a gold crown and post to be retained in the root canal. He also recommends white enameling for gold crowns for a more esthetic appearance.
- 1768-1770- Paul Revere places advertisements in a Boston newspaper offering his services as a dentist.
- 1776- in the first known case of post-mortem dental forensics, Revere verifies the death of his friend, Dr. Joseph Warren in the Battle of Breed’s Hill, when he identifies the bridge that he constructed for Warren.
- 1789- Frenchman Nicolas Dubois de Chemant receives the first patent for porcelain teeth.
- 1790- John Greenwood, son of Isaac Greenwood and one of George Washington’s dentists, constructs the first known dental foot engine. He adapts his mother’s foot treadle spinning wheel to rotate a drill.
- Josiah Flagg, a prominent American dentist, constructs the first chair made specifically for dental patients. To a wooden Windsor chair, Flagg attaches an adjustable headrest, plus an arm extension to hold instruments
1. Periodontics -Specialty of dentistry which encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues.
-Dr. Grace Rodgers Spalding and Dr. Gillette Hayden formed the American Academy of oral prophylaxis and periodontology.
-Circa 1941 when periodontics recognizes as a dental specialty.
2. Orthodontics -Concerned with the prevention and correction of malocclusions., formal texts about orthodontics began appearing in the mid-1800s. It was Edward H. Angle who first declared orthodontics a specialty.
- Lost wax casting employed is use to make dentures and it is first used in the early 1907 by William Taggart.
- Vitallium is the first successful biocompatible implant metal. It was developed in early 1932 by Dr. Charles Venable which is an orthodontic surgeon. So the name Vitallium is from his family name venable.
- 1937- the first ever to insert dental screw implant was Dr. Alvin Struck. The implant was firm and asymptomatic for nearly 17 years.
3. Dental Public Health- is the science and art of preventing and controlling dental...