“Explain why the Hungarian rising happened an its consequences”
In this essay I will be explaining why the Hungarian rising happened and all of the consequences that was involved in it.
In 1956, encouraged by Khrushchev's talk of 'destalinisation', the Hungarians tried to break free from Russian control. Joseph Stalin was a very powerful man and he wanted to be the best, to be the best he had to make sure Russia was never touched. From this Khrushchev wanted to get out of Stalin’s group to make sure Russia was never touched. Stalin set up a little thing called a ‘Iron Curtain’ this was an army of countries in front of Russia as such which made sure Stalin would never get killed or over powered by somebody else, this was a imaginary line which made sure if people tried to get to Stalin they would have to get through a force of countries and they just wouldn’t be able to.
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When the Communist Party tried to destalinise Hungary, things got out of control. The Hungarian leader Rakosi asked for permission to arrest 400 trouble-makers, but Khrushchev would not let him.
These were the causes.
The offence that was made was quite big in the Hungarians eyes because they felt as if they had been really offended by Russia.
The main offence made by Russia was something to get very offended by. Hungary are not the richest country and they could of done with some money to get food in, Hungary sent food to other countries and got money in return, when they sent money to Stalin he just to them for granted and didn’t pay them the amount that Hungary should of got and from that Hungary hated Russia for that.
Hungary were a very patriotic country and as I have already included in this essay, The Hungarians were very patriotic, and they hated Russian control – which included censorship, the vicious secret police (called the AVH after 1948) and Russian control of what the schools taught, The Hungarians as I have said were very religious, but the Communist Party had banned religion, and put the leader of the Catholic Church in prison. This made them very upset.
From all of these offences the consequences were huge for Russia because if one country followed and tried to beat down Stalin eventually all of the other countries that Stalin tried to rule will start to try and get him off of the leadership role. When Hungary had had enough they just went mad at Stalin and just simply tried to get him out, form all of the damage caused by Russia Hungary did have an uprising. The results were not great for Hungary, these results were: 200,000 Hungarian refugees fled into Austria.
Russia stayed in control behind the Iron Curtain – no other country tried to get rid of Russia troops until Czechoslovakia in 1968.
People in the West were horrified – many British Communists left the Communist Party.
The West realised it could do nothing about the Iron Curtain countries – but this made Western leaders even more determined to ‘contain’ communism.