Bill of Rights 1689
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Bill of Rights 1689 |
Parliament of England |
Long title | An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown. |
Chapter | 1 William & Mary Sess 2 c 2 |
Status: Amended |
Revised text of statute as amended |
The Bill of Rights |
The Bill of Rights (1688 or 1689) |
Created | 1689 |
Ratified | December 16, 1689 |
Location | National Archives of the United Kingdom |
Author(s) | Parliament of England |
Purpose | Ensure certain freedoms and ensure a Protestant political supremacy. |
The Bill of Rights is an Act of the Parliament ...view middle of the document...
 Since the implementation of the Statute of Westminster 1931 in each of the Commonwealth realms (on successive dates from 1931 onwards) the Bill of Rights cannot be altered in any realm except by that realm's own parliament, and then, by convention, and as it touches on the succession to the shared throne, only with the consent of all the other realms.
In the United Kingdom, the Bill of Rights is further accompanied by the Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, Habeas Corpus Act 1679, Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 and the Human Rights Act 1998 as some of the basic documents of the uncodified British constitution. A separate but similar document, the Claim of Right Act, applies in Scotland. The Bill of Rights (1688 or 1689) was one of the inspirations for the United States Bill of Rights.
Provisions of the Act
The Bill of Rights laid out certain basic rights for (at the time) all Englishmen. The Act set out that there should be:
* no royal interference with the law. Though the sovereign remains the fount of justice, he or she cannot unilaterally establish new courts or act as a judge.
* no taxation by Royal Prerogative. The agreement of the parliament became necessary for the implementation of any new taxes
* freedom to petition the monarch without fear of retribution
* no standing army may be maintained during a time of peace without the consent of parliament.
* no royal...