1.1 Historical Exploration
Digitization of Information
Digitization is the representation of an object, image, sound, document or a signal by a discrete set of points or samples. The result is called digital representation. Strictly speaking, digitizing means simply capturing an analog signal in digital form. For a document the term means to trace the document image or capture the "corners" where the lines end or change direction. The term digitization is often used when diverse forms of information, such as text, sound, image or voice, are converted into a single binary code. Computers predate to the Digital Age. Prior to the 1950s, computers were analog, using vacuum tubes. Later, vacuum ...view middle of the document...
Handling of analog signal becomes easy when it is digitized. The signal is digitized before modulation and transmission. The conversion process of analog to digital consists of two processes: sampling and quantizing. Digitization of personal multimedia such as home movies, slides, and photographs has become a popular method for preserving and sharing older repositories.
A surge in data communication growth arrived in the mid-1970s, caused not by mainframe computers, but minicomputers. The minicomputer revolution began between 1968-1972 with the formation of ninety-two new competitors. By 1975 sales totaled $1.5 billion. But by the middle of the 1970’s, minicomputers found a welcomed home in both large and mid-sized corporations performing financial and administrative functions. Driving this trend in large corporations was first the ever-expanding backlog of software development projects of MIS departments that frustrated financial and operational management, and second the need of remote operations for computing to invoice customers or keep track of inventory or generate timely reporting. In 1979, 81,300 minicomputers were sold compared to 7,300 mainframe computers. The demand for data communications products in the form of modems and multiplexers soared.
Deregulation of the Communication Industry
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was the end result of the decades long battle to deregulate the communications industry and pretty much up until that point in time the only real company in the industry was Bell Telephone/AT&T. Which was then broken up into multiply companies to pave the wave to many innovations in the telecommunications field, from careers to whole new markets around the globe.
Some of those innovations that happened right after this in the 80’s was the development of the internet and that has become one of the most used tools in history. Information gathering has changed as a whole. Another was the onset of the cell phone instead of one type we have many different types. Deregulation is designed to end a certain type of monopoly to help...