Historical Development of Nursing Timeline
NUR/513 - THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF PRACTICE
University of Phoenix
March 10, 2014
Nursing science was defined in 1978 by Donaldson and Crowley as “principles and laws that govern life process, well- being, and optimum functioning of human beings-sick or well…; patterning of human behavior in interaction with the environment in critical life situations… and process by which positive changes in health status are affected (Donaldson, S. K. & Crowley, M. 1978 p. 113).
The definition of nursing science was recently noted by U. S. National Institutes of Health which wrote that the “ ultimate intent of the knowledge ...view middle of the document...
In the 1950’s the Columbia University Teachers College designed the first graduate level program to fill the need for administrative and faculty positions. From this first program came the first theoretical conceptualizations of nursing science theories. The nurse theorists include Peplau, Henderson, Hall and Abdellah. These nurses all developed some of the first theories that help to formulate the process we use today. Theorist from this time operated from a biomedical model that focused primarily on what nurses do, that is, their functional roles.
During the 1960’s the focus of theoretical thinking in nursing moved from a problem/need and functional focus to the relationship between the nurse and the patient. During this time the theorist were Henderson, Orlando, and Wiedenbach. They looked at how nurses do what they do and how the patient perceive his situation. Also during this time was an additional theorist Joyce Travelbee and her theory was Human to Human relationship theory. In this theory Travelbee emphasized caring, empathy, sympathy and the emotional aspects of nursing.
During the 1970’s is when the first nursing theories were presented. Most have been revised since that time but this was the time noted set of theory. One of the theoretical publications of this era was by Imogene...