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Hispanic Health Issues Essay

1275 words - 6 pages

Hispanics, Hypertension , and Healthy choices.
Martha Valdivia
Family-Centered Health Promotion
Shannon Foley
June 12, 2016

Hispanics, Hypertension , and Healthy choices.

Health status and health behaviors of Hispanics is diversified within their own culture. There are differences between American born versus immigrant born. Acculturations to the American lifestyle has made this divide. American fast food is inexpensive, convenient, high in salt, and saturated fats. We will compare the health status of Hispanic culture to the national average. Health concerns include Hypertension, Heart Disease, and Cancer. Heart disease and cancer are the leading diseases affecting ...view middle of the document...

According to estimates from the US Census Bureau, 55 million Americans, or 17% of the total US population, identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino in 2014. Cancer is one the leading cause of death among Hispanics, accounting for 22% of deaths. While Hispanics are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with the most common cancers (lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate), they have a higher risk for cancers associated with infectious agents, such as liver, stomach, and cervix. (2015, American Cancer Society) The other leading cause of death for Hispanics is Heart Disease with a direct link to hypertension. Some forms of hypertension can be controlled by lifestyle choices and health behavior practices.
“Hispanics are more likely to delay care, drop out of treatment when symptoms disappear and avoid visits to the doctor,” Dr. Daviglus said. Barriers to healthier living include accessing health care, language barriers, lack of transportation and lack of health insurance. Simple lifestyle changes can reduce the risk such as diet and exercise. Financial and safety restraints prevent Latinos from making these changes. ("American Heart Association," 2015)
Lifestyle changes to promote healthy living.
Diet, exercise, and establishing a relationship with a primary care provider are good preventative practices for heart disease. Educated them on making heathier food choices and cooking techniques. Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease among Hispanics. Most hypertensive people can control their blood pressure through diet and exercise. The Latino diet is vastly different than the American diet. Education on food choices and cooking techniques are available through various community resources. The American Heart Association has information via various multimedia modalities. The internet, books, audiovisual, and community outreach programs. (AHA, 2015) Reducing the sodium intake in a large step but one that will show results. Baking, broiling, and boiling fresh meat versus frying meats to name one lifestyle change. Choosing leaner meats and avoiding processed meats because of their higher fat and sodium content. Focus on reducing risk factors by maintaining a healthy weight. Eating a healthy diet that including fruit and vegetables. Avoiding foods with excessive salt and saturated fats. Latinos tend to carry extra weight another key risk factor leading to Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus type 2. Health promotion on a national platform include "Get America Moving" and Healthy People 2020 to help reduce obesity in America. Focus on the next generation is crucial to break the pattern. Programs such as NFL Play 60, Cooking with Heart for Kids, and Teaching Gardens. (AHA, 2015). These platforms are available in English and Spanish.
Checking your blood pressure regularly is an important first step for understanding the risk.  If it is high, we must work with a doctor to create a treatment plan. There are multiple national...

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