Hispanic Diversity in the United States
One of the most diverse cultures that can be found within the United States of America today is the growing Hispanic culture. Hispanic Americans combine several cultural groups, each with their own social, economic, religious and political values. While each of these groups primarily speaks the same native language, Spanish, the differences and similarities do not begin or end with just a common language.
Many Mexican Americans originally immigrated to the United States by lure of labor jobs within the mining industry. Initially, the state of Colorado attracted the majority of Mexican Americans. Many migrated to the northern ...view middle of the document...
Political parties have realized the growing numbers of Mexican American voters and have taken steps to include them in the political mix. According to Mana (2006), “During the 2004 presidential campaign, both the Republicans and Democrats ran commercials on Spanish-language television networks, and in states across the nation the Mexican-American vote can now mean the difference between winning or losing an election” (Mexican Americans and the Politics of Diversity, ¶ 1). The political influence is also evident with the emergence of Mexican American candidates running for political positions and/or being appointed to political positions.
Puerto Rican Americans
The island of Puerto Rico holds a rich long history that dates back to the late fourteen hundreds when it was discovered by the famed explorer Christopher Columbus. The inhabitants, originally known as the Taino people, originally referred to the island as Borinquen (Rodriguez, 2005). To liberate Puerto Rico from Spain, the United States launched an invasion of the island in 1898 where it remains under United States commonwealth law as of today. Many Puerto Ricans are still disappointed that even though they are represented by a resident commissioner in the United States Congress, neither the resident commissioner nor the residents of Puerto Rico posses the rights to vote in United States elections (Rodriguez, 2005). Spanish and English are the official languages
As with most Hispanic cultures, Puerto Rican Americans place a high value on family and relatives. The male, for most purposes is viewed as the protector or provider of the family with the female being viewed as a role model of the Virgin Mary (Lassiter, 1998). The Puerto Rican culture places a high respect on their elders based on age and not contribution or strength within the family. Celebratory holidays including birthdays and Christmas are always close knit gatherings that include immediate and extended family members of this cultural group.
Interestingly, the article from Countries and Their Cultures states, “Spanish and English are the official languages, but Puerto Rico is overwhelmingly Spanish speaking, despite government efforts to eradicate Spanish or foster bilingualism” (Culture of Puerto Rico ¶ 14). Could this indicate a majority rules scenario of the citizens? It seems that this trait has followed Puerto Rican immigrants to the United States where the majority of the Puerto Rican population still prefers to speak Spanish.
As with the majority of the Hispanic groups, most Puerto Rican Americans practice and follow the teachings of Catholicism. As with most cultures, there remains a scattering of those who continue to practice or convert to alternate religions such as Protestant, Evangelical, etc. Regardless of the religious affiliation, Puerto Rican Americans remain, for the most part, very devout to whatever religion they practice.
Today’s political groups combine Puerto Rican Americans into...