Hindutva A Fascist Ideology Essay

2135 words - 9 pages

Term paper submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the course on Sociology

Hindutva: A fascist ideology

Pranav Mani Chinnaswamy
B.A./LLB.- 2014
Sociology
Section D
20141169

Introduction:
Hindutva, a term coined by V. D. Savarkar, literally translates to Hindu-ness. Savarkar defined it as a coherent pattern of concepts that applied only to Hindus. Hinduism and nationalism simultaneously developed and progressed throughout 19th and 20th century India. Towards the end of the British era, Indians were confused about their national identity and it was this identity crisis that gave birth to the concept of Hindutva. This was also the time during ...view middle of the document...

Nehru firmly believed that all Indians, regardless of their religion, caste or sex, were inheritors of a deeply diverse yet common historical tradition. This historical tradition included a common culture and lineage (Nehru, J. (1961) The Discovery of India, Bombay: Asia Publishing House)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, in his speech in Aligarh Muslim University, in 1948 said, “You are Muslim and I am a Hindu. We may adhere to different religious faiths or even to none; but that does not take away from that cultural inheritance that is yours as well as mine. The past holds us together; why should the present or the future divide us in spirit” ("Secular Outlook." - Mainstream Weekly. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.)
Gandhi did not believe in segregation of an individual’s life into the different realms of religion and politics. He advocated politics that was inclusive of religious ethics and was stringently opposed to the idea of conforming religious communities in accordance to political ideology (Gandhi, M.K. (1980) The Spirit of Hinduism, New Delhi: Pankaj Publications).
Savarkar seems to profess Hindutva as an ideology with an extremely narrow purview. It limits the ambit of the ideology and permits it to include allegiance to a common native land only by adhering to some strict conditions. One must be cautious and not confuse native land with land that is considered to be pious (Savarkar, V.D. (1989) ‘Hindutva’ from Hindutva: Who is a Hindu?, 6th edn, Delhi, Bhartia Sahitya Sadan,)


Today, violent communalism is taking to the forefront. It coerces people to choose between the perspectives of Hinduism as mentioned above. The choice, then, is between their communal and national identity.
Although Savarkar’s vision of Hindutva might seem at first to be contemporary and nationalist, it is, in reality, authoritarian, militant and chauvinistic. It is the opposite of Gandhi’s version of Hinduism, which allows different forms of Hinduism to coexist. Gandhi envisages the synthesis of unity through a thread of common nationality and citizenship. He pictures the Indian as an individual capable of developing a supra-regional and supra-religious identity, i.e., an identity that can, then, be shared by a cocktail of the Indian populace of various regions and religions not sharing a common language, but only an overlapping culture and common nationality. Hindutva groups, on the other hand, define India as a Hindu nation that must comprise only Hindus. One cannot term Hinduism, which is a way of life, as an orthodox religion, yet Hindutva groups do precisely that.
Gandhi’s version of Hindutva ideology exists in contradiction to that which Savarkar propagates. Hindutva ideologues like Savarkar and Modi are staunch supporters of nationalism that is devoid of religiosity in any form whatsoever. This form of religious fundamentalism poses a threat to the idea of an India that is plural, inclusive and democratic. It betrays the fundamental idea of unity in diversity...

Other Papers Like Hindutva - A Fascist Ideology

Can the Franco Regime Be Regarded S Fascist?

2916 words - 12 pages Can the Franco regime be regarded as fascist? The rebel movement which erupted in Spain in the 1930’s brought up the ideologies which would support the proposed ‘New State’, a nation built on religion, tradition and Spanish patriotism; ideas which were absorbed and used by several different political groups and the military to secure the support of the rural populous. The Falanges as an increasingly significant party adopted and created some

Outline The Similarities And Differences Between Adorno Et Al.’S (1950) And Altemeyer’S (1981) Approach To Authoritarianism

1075 words - 5 pages suggested in 1950 by German sociologist Theodor Adorno and colleagues following their research identifying the personality traits believed to allow an individual to be bias towards and follow a fascist ideology. Although initially met with great excitement, over time the authoritarian personality alone was seen, by many psychologists, as not sufficient to explain the potential for extreme prejudices and its popularity declined. In the early 1980’s

Duties & Consequences

1359 words - 6 pages Americian in Casablanca and in the movie must choose between his love interest or helping his love interest’s husband, a renowned leader of Czech Resistance movement, in fighting against the Nazi occupation in the Czech Republic. While Rick appears politically neutral, he is shown in the movie as having helped Ethiopians fight against fascist Italia hence his neutrality is only a cover. The thematic concepts that run through the course of the

Discuss The Cultural Development Of Weimar Germany

708 words - 3 pages designers of Bauhaus had the ideology of creating functional items that were both useful and beautiful. They wanted to combine beauty with efficiency. Many designers left for USA after the rise of the Nazi's, they had brought this style across the world. For people that have seen portable classrooms, public housing etc. they have seen Bauhaus. It really amazing how something that was created years ago in a foreign land affects the way many things are

Historical Background ( Jewish)

619 words - 3 pages subjected to severe trade restrictions. In Spain the Jews who no converted to Catholicism were by order of the Catholic Monarchs expelled from the peninsula. The Holocaust perpetrated in Germany from 1880 until the end of World War II, was an ideology which includes fascist doctrines, racial hatred and the identification of the Jews where a persuasive campaign to infuse the German people's hatred of Jews begins to remove them. We could say that the

Emerging Liberalism and Socialism in Europe

4108 words - 17 pages progressive liberal systems or in the fascist ideology, Russia turned into a totalitarian Communist dictatorship. The Russians were willing to give up individual rights and freedom in the hope for a new social order. This new communist leaders had two revolutionary goals. First to radically reform Russian society into a true socialist society and to rapidly modernize the Soviet industry. Their goal was to transform Russia as fast as possible. “All

Causes Of WWII

917 words - 4 pages dictator, socially through the foundations of ubermensch, a concept written by Nietzsche which stated that humans can evolve through struggle, ideology provided by Adolf Hitler, from propaganda, which was generally media that exaggerated and even lied to encourage nationalism during times of war, and poverty, which is when a society lacks goods and currency to fulfill basic needs, throughout Germany from the extreme debt and the crash of the economy

The Rise and Fall of Europe

848 words - 4 pages rest of Europe. The major effect of World War I was the people’s lack of trust in their government. This led to new more liberal governments and the rise of fascism. Fascism is an “authoritarian political ideology that considers the individual subordinate to the interests of the state, party or society as a whole. Fascists seek to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, cultural, racial, or religious attributes.”(Wikipedia

-Ridley, Jasper Godwin. Mussolini: A Biography New York, New York. Cooper Square Press 2000

1716 words - 7 pages Mussolini a Biography depicts the life of the Fascist ruler of Italy during the 20th century. After Mussolini's death and the Allied victory, several members of Mussolini's staff wrote books, and gave interviews to Italian newspapers, about their experiences with working with the former Prime Minister of Italy. The members of Mussolini's staff tended to "paint a picture" (page 353) of a pathetic victim to the Germans, who objected to the way in which

David Alfaro Siqueiros

1200 words - 5 pages and understand. In 1937, Siqueiros joined the Spanish Republican Army and fought against fascist forces in the Spanish Civil War. He was a sergeant in the Mexican Revolution and a colonel in the Spanish Civil War. The Army's defeat and the rise of fascism would become important subjects of his art. Rejecting traditional methods of fresco painting, Siqueiros is responsible for several technical innovations. He was the first artist to use

What Is A Political Dictatorship And Why Can Lenin And Stalin Both Be Classed As One?

3554 words - 15 pages differences are only in the means of ascending to power, your office and through which uniform you work.The most common type of dictators are the military type, as it is easy to perform a coup d'état or order a national state of emergency and thus bringing themselves to power and indefinitely postponing the state of emergency.There are only a few known types of political dictators, among them Benito Mussolini, who returned Italy to a fascist

Related Essays

Secularism In India Essay

2194 words - 9 pages very complex. The process of secularisation/industrialisation was going on at a slow pace. Even at this stage, though constitution was secular, the state apparatus: the bureaucracy, the judiciary, the army and the police were infiltrated by communal elements. The Congress government, though predominantly secular, had many leaders in important positions who were influenced by a Hindu communal ideology. This resulted in a social development that was

Women & Franco Essay

2612 words - 11 pages women must firstly be examined. As established by H. Graham, attempts at preserving socio-cultural conservatism to uphold political ideologies during this era were geared primarily towards the reiteration of traditional gender roles in society. The influence of existent policies in a Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany at this time were, undoubtedly, of great influence on Franco’s regime. Earlier legislation enforcing this conservative perspective in

Collapse Of The Soviet Union Essay

775 words - 4 pages take Germany into war in 1934, five years before the invasion of Poland. My essay will then outline the nature of Nazi ideology, and I will argue that Nazi ideology demanded war. My argument is supported principally by the work of Authors A and B. Author B is a historian of Fascism, and her book Fascism: A History suggests that Fascist regimes are inherently warlike in nature. I will then show how Hitler instigated a massive rearmament of

British Nationalist Party Essay

803 words - 4 pages British Nationalist Party In this essay I will explore and discuss the British nationalist party, and give my views to the question "Why do people support such a fascist ideology". An example of the party's politics comes from Mark Collette, leader of the Young BNP. Here are some of his views (sourced from Sunday Time's Magazine); "Aids kills blacks, gays and junkies so I would call it a friendly disease