Hinduism Vs. Buddhism Essay

1165 words - 5 pages

Hinduism and Buddhism are two of the most interesting religions in the world. To date, people still practice these religions in varying parts of the world especially in India. Although originating from Ancient India, some have difficulty in differentiating between the two. Hinduism and Buddhism share many similarities and also differ immensely.
What is Hinduism? Hinduism, often referred to as Sanatana Dharma is the largest of the eastern religion and one of the oldest in the world. “Hinduism denotes the religions of majority of the people in India and Nepal as well as communities in other continents, who refer to themselves as Hindus.” Flourished between 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE, and ...view middle of the document...

India is the birthplace of these two major religions, Buddhism and Hinduism specifically in the Eastern region. Hinduism evolved in 4000 BCE while Buddhism evolved in 536 BCE .The attitudes of the people of the religions were compassionate and peaceful; they meant no harm towards anyone. Principles are fundamental norms, rules, or values that represent what is desirable and positive for a person, group, organization, or community. Practices are methods, procedures, processes, or rules used in a particular field or profession. These elements are necessary because it allows differentiation of value between the religions. Although there are many comparisons between Buddhism and Hinduism, there are many differences between these two religions. Some of which includes the founders, their goal in life, their reaction to the caste system, the gods, their books, their belief system , what they valued and most importantly their principles and practices. Hinduism did not have one founder; it possessed a mixture of Aryans belief. Siddhartha Gautama “Buddha” was the one who founded Buddhism, without his teachings, Buddhism would not be as successful as it is now. The main goal of those belonging to the Hinduism religion was to achieve Moksha; union with Brahman. Moksha is the release from reincarnation. Buddhism’s goal in life is to achieve Nirvana; state of wisdom by accepting Buddha’s teachings. Nirvana is the state of peace that has achieved or entered at death. The Caste System is a system of social structure that groups people on their inherited social status. The Hindu’s accepted the caste system; their belief was that their happiness determined their movement in the system in the other life. The social classes in which they were divided were Brahmins (priests), Kshatriya (warriors), Vaishyas (free people) and Shudras (Indian servants) However, Buddhism rejected the caste system; a person’s place in life depended on that person. Hinduism consisted of three gods’ Brahman- creator of life, Vishnu- preserver of life and Shivu- destroyer of life. “Vishnu and Shiva gained a mass popular following as Vishnu was the divine savior of mankind and Shiva was Hinduism's reconciliation of extremes”. (ThinkQuest) Buddhism had no Gods, because they did not believe in them. The important book of the Hindu religion is the Veda, written before 6500 BC; included hymns, prayers and magical spells. The Veda is the foundation for most later developments in what is known as Hinduism. The important book of the Buddhist religion is the Triptakas. Hindus valued knowledge white Buddhist valued spiritual peace. Due to...

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