Study Guide for Assessment on Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Ancient Indian and Chinese Empires and Belief Systems
Central teachings of Judaism
Following God's Law
Equality and Social Justice
The Importance of Study
Central teachings of Hinduism
polytheistic; atman (essential self); moksha (union with brahman (free yourself from desire)); reincarnation (rebirth of a soul into another bodily form)
Central teachings of Buddhism
four noble truths; reach nirvana(union with the universe and release from cycle of rebirth); the cause of all human suffering is desire
Central teachings of Confucianism
five relationships (superior vs. subordinate) ruler-ruled; ...view middle of the document...
How did Confucian, Legalist, and Daoist views differ?
Confucian believed that if everyone understands their place in society, order and stability will occur. Legalists believed in a harsh government and strict laws and impose harsh punishments. Daoist viewed the government as unnatural.
What ethical code of conduct did Confucius promote?
Superior to subordinates
Why is the Han period considered a golden age of Chinese civilization?
Science(observing and measuring movements of stars and planets to create more accurate calendars) Medicine(acupuncture, herbal remedies, diagnosed diseases) Technology(making paper from wood pulp, fishing reels,wheelbarrows,suspension bridges)
What are the main achievements and legacies of the Mauryan, Gupta, Qin, and Han Empires? Peace, prosperity, achievements in sciences, arts, society, language etc.
The Torah -The Holy Text for Jews
The Ten Commandments -Moses and his people wanted to find Canaan, the promised land. They had no food or water, but God sent it through Moses. On Mount Sinai, God gave the ten commandments to Moses;
1)You shall have no other gods before Me.
2)You shall not make idols.
3)You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
4)Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
5)Honor your father and your mother.
6)You shall not murder.
7)You shall not commit adultery.
8)You shall not steal.
9)You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10)You shall not covet.
Judaism- A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
Hinduism- A cohesive and unique society, most prevalent in India, that integrates spiritual beliefs with daily practices and official institutions such as the caste system.
Buddhism -the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Siddhartha Gautama- founder of Buddhism; born a prince; left his father's wealth to find the cause of human suffering; also know as Buddha
Four Noble Truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow.
2) The cause of suffering is the desire for things that are really illusions such as riches, power, and long life.
3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome desire.
4) The way to overcome desire is to follow the Eightfold Path.
Untouchables- LOWEST LEVEL OF...