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Hinduism Essay

1047 words - 5 pages

Hinduism and Confucianism are two systems of belief, which share a common goal and way of life. The two faiths differ in ceremonies, rituals and beliefs but their ultimate goal and methods for achieving it unite them in numerous ways. Both Hinduism and Confucianism are guides for living, each attempting to direct its followers to lead the ?good life.? The broadest and most commonly stated difference between Hinduism and Confucianism is that Hinduism is a religion while Confucianism is a system of social and ethical philosophies. Both teach the individual the value of living the good life but each in its own way. The teachings of K?ung Fu Tzu pronounced Confucius by much of the ...view middle of the document...

Hinduism, like Confucianism was also a stabilizing force. The rigid cast system within many Hindu societies assigned different types of jobs to people with different varna?s, making for a somewhat planned and predictable society. Varna, translated means, ?color? however it more closely relates to the term ?class.? Karma, another facet of the Hindu religion plays an interesting role in the cast system, it both justifies people being born into a varna and makes them compliant with the duties such a position demands. Karma, translated roughly means ?goodness,? a persons karma in one life reflects what they are reincarnated as in the next. ?The underlying message [is]: You are where you deserve to be, and the only way to improve your lot in the next cycle of existence is to accept your station and its attendant duties.? Both faiths have ideals, meant to serve as guides for living the good life, which will in turn, balanced them with nature or unite them with their creator. Hindus organize their life around certain activities or ?purucharthas,? also called the ?four aims of Hinduism,? or ?the doctrine of the fourfold end of life.? These purcharthas serve as guides for living the good life. They are dharma: righteousness in their religious life. Artha: success in their economic life; material prosperity. Kama: gratification of the senses including pleasure and mental enjoyment. And moksa: liberation from ?samsara? or reincarnation, the cycle which is repeated until Moksa is reached. Moksa would allow the indiviual to rejoin their creator and leave the cycle of samsara. Moksa is the ultimate goal up Hindus, and it is achieved by following the purcharthas, a guide for living. Confucians organize their lives around several values stressed by Confucius. These values are helped to guide followers to a life in which they can find an equality with the earth. The stressed values are, love among family members, righteousness, Honesty, trustworthiness, benevolence towards others, loyalty to the state and etiquette. Confucian ceremonies also served as a guide for living they were seen as ?rituals preformed by human...

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