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High Blood Pressure Essay

1296 words - 6 pages

High Blood Pressure (HBP)
High blood pressure (HBP) is a condition that millions of people of all ethnic groups are affected by. High blood pressure is an overlooked check by people until told by a medical professional. People are not aware of how high blood pressure affects the body, how it is measured, what the symptoms are of high blood pressure, and what people/ethnic groups are affected by high blood pressure more than another. Recent research has shown that under diagnosed high blood pressures affects millions and millions of people ranging from teenagers to the elderly.
High blood pressure is a condition that has affected many lives, but many people do not know what high blood ...view middle of the document...

It can be taken manually or with a portable machine.
(Cunha 2012) The equipment used by your physician or nurse is called Sphygmomanometer. The Sphygmomanometer is a blood pressure cuff that goes around a patient’s upper left or right arm. The doctor or nurse will inflate the cuff to get the reading in millimeters of mercury (mm hg). The nurse or doctor, after pumping up the cuff, will listen with a stethoscope. While listening with the stethoscope, the doctor or nurse will listen for the first thump from your pulse to get the top number, systolic pressure, which should be a three digit number less than 120mm hg and then listen for when the thumping of the pulse stops, to get the bottom number, diastolic pressure, which should be a two digit number below 80mm hg. Blood pressure can be measured with an electronic machine that will complete all the steps a nurse did electronically. Prior to having blood pressure taken you should not eat, drink caffeine, smoke or any strenuous exercise. Doctors normally would want the patient to wait in a relaxing environment ten to fifteen minutes before taking a blood pressure reading. Since we have discussed how blood pressure is measured and the numerical numbers are derived; now we will discuss systolic and diastolic pressure.
Systolic pressure, the top number, corresponds to the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries. Diastolic pressure, the bottom number, corresponds to the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes after the contraction. Whenever there is an increase in either number, above the normal values, will increase heart attacks, kidney disease, or eye damage. When a person knows how the values of blood pressure are obtain, now they need to know what some of the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure.
When a person does not have their blood pressure monitored on a regular basic, they will not know if they are experiencing high blood pressure. Seeing a doctor regularly will help the patient recognized the signs and symptoms. Some of the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure are headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, and blurred vision. If and when a person experiences any of these signs and symptoms, they should not get scared, but take heed to what their body is telling you. Signs are a good thing when one is not ignoring them and asking the right people why they are experiencing them. Do not become a victim of the Silent Killer, because of ignored signs and symptoms of high blood pressure.
High blood pressure can be obtained from a multitude of things, but a few are food intake, obesity, hereditary, and race. In foods, taking in too much salt and eating fried foods will increase the chances of obtaining high blood pressure. (“National Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute,” 2012) Approximately 30% of cases of high blood pressure are...

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