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Hepatitis A Essay

526 words - 3 pages

Hepatitis A
Infectious Agent
Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver from the Hepatitis A virus. This virus is also known as Picomavirius.
How is the Hepatitis A virus transmitted?
Hepatitis A virus is most commonly transmitted to individuals through food that has been contaminated with fecal matter. Most food infected from the Hepatitis A virus is grown where water is contaminated by fecal matter during the irrigation process. Hepatitis a virus also can be transmitted from person to person if the initial person has the virus and does not wash his or her hands properly after using the restroom then handling food.
Outbreaks in the United States
Although there are not many outbreaks of Hepatitis A in the United States there have been some occasions. One of ...view middle of the document...

Symptoms, Duration, and Treatment
The most common symptoms of Hepatitis A is Fatigue, itching, Loss of appetite, low-grade fever, nausea, vomiting, pale or clay colored stools, and yellow skin (jaundice). Most symptoms will not show in an individual until 15 – 45 days after infections. These symptoms are present for two months. There are times when the symptoms of the virus will last six months. Some of the symptoms can be treated with pharmaceuticals but not the virus itself. People infected with the virus are cautioned not to use alcohol or Tylenol as they are toxic to the liver.

Environmental and individual precautions
The United States does not have much of an issue with the Hepatitis A virus as our farms are regulated and farmers use irrigations systems that separate from the water used in sewer disposal. Countries like Mexico that have lower living standards and do not always have the proper irrigation systems are more susceptible to the Hepatitis A virus. Individuals can lessen their chance of contacting the Hepatitis A virus by washing foods that they purchase, washing their hands after using the restroom, limit contact with person infected with the Hepatitis virus, and in extreme situations do not share needs used in illegal drug use. The best precaution to take is to make sure that as an individual you obtain the Hepatitis A vaccine.

References
1. A.D.A.M Medical Encyclopedia Atlanta (GA), 2011: PubMed Health. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001323/?report=printable.
2. Hepatitis A Outbreak Associated with Green Onions at a Restaurant—Monaca, Pennsylvania, 2003. Located at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwR/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5247a5.htm
3. Hepatitis A, 2011. Available at http://hepatitisavirus.net.

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