This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hepatic System Essay

4081 words - 17 pages

Liver: Largest internal organ and gland
Gerontologic Consideration of Liver Disease
* Increase liver disease rate with age because of liver structure changes with age
* Decrease liver volume – Because liver size will change with age
* Decrease in hepatobilary function
* Decrease drug metabolism: which increases the vulnerability for drug-induced hepatitis and increase risk for drug interactions
* Decrease ability to respond to injury
Most common cause for liver inflammation is viral infection
Acute Infection:
* Inflammation causes damage liver cell and may develop into hepatic cell necrosis.
* If there are no complications, the liver cells can ...view middle of the document...

* Protein will be decrased because the liver is unable to produce the proteins
* Increase Bilirubin
* Indirect or unconjugated bilirubin
* Prolonged prothrombin time (increase clotting time): because the liver is unable to produce clotting factors.
*IMPORTANT CONCEPT* RBC are broken down, broken down in 3 pieces , globin, iron, heme. Heme will be further broken down into greenish pigment call biliverdin, quickly converted to yellow pigment call bilirubin. This bilirubin is known as indirect /Unconjugated bilirubin(In the blood). This bilirubin will go into the liver by binding with albumin(transporter), and once it enters the liver, it will mix with glucuronic acid. The glucuronic acid will make the indirect/unconjugated bilirubin into more solid form call direct/conjugated bilirubin. Will go back into the biliary system and mix with bile and use the biles for digestive process.
*If you understand the concept, then you understand how this works* That is why patients with hepatitis will have elevated indirect/unconjugated bilirubin because the liver cannot process all that unconjugated bilirubin, and that is also why the patient has clay color stools. This is also why the person looks jaundice.

Patient who have uncompatable blood transfusion will have pre-hepatic jaundice
Patient who has viral hepatitis or cirrhosis will have hepatic jaundice
Patient who problems with the biliary system(gallbladder and pancreas), they will have First-Hepatic Jaundice.
General Home Care:
Not everyone goes to hospital when they have mild or moderate case of hepatitis and go through home remedy.
* Rest
* Well Balanced Diet
* Low Fat, High carbohydrate, High Protein
* Maintain fluid & electrolyte balance
* Vitamin supplement: B-Complex(help regenerate liver tissues)
Viral Hepatitis
* 6 types of hepatitis virus: A-E, & G
* To determine which viral antibody a patient has, it will depend on what antigen and antibodies are found in the system.
Hepatitis A(HAV)
Transmitted through fecal to oral route (touching feces, putting it in the mouth)
37% of outbreaks of HepA are from eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water.
Risk Factors:
* Poor hygiene
* Improper handling of foods
* Crowded situations
* Poor sanitary conditions
* Replication starts at the oropharynx/GI tract
* Transport to liver-Major site for replication, and then sheds into the bile and transported into the intestine.
* And the bile is excreted into the feces which is why we can get viral culture from feces.
* There is a brief viremia(virus in the blood)
* And then our immune system will control the virus.
Average Incubation period: 28 days(15-50 days)
Virus can be found in the stool 2 weeks before symptoms starts to show or up to 1 week after begin to have jaundice.
You will get a negative stool test for virus if you get it after incubation period, BUT we can...

Other Papers Like Hepatic System

The Fantastic Voyage Essay

2039 words - 9 pages combination of intestinal and pancreatic enzymes (“Digestive System,” 2014). The amylase is secreted from the neighboring pancreas and it’s alkalinity helps further digest carbohydrates. The bile you see around us comes from the liver and gallbladder and it works to emulsify the fat and allow it to mix with water (“The Human Digestion,” 2014). The pancreatic and intestinal enzymes are working hard to finish breaking down proteins into amino acids

Pneumonia Case Study

1647 words - 7 pages be divided up into even smaller portions, called 'bronchopulmonary segments'. These are pyramidal-shaped areas which are also separated from each other by membranes. There are about 10 of them in each lung. Each segment receives its own blood supply and air supply. Air enters your lungs through a system of pipes called the bronchi. These pipes start from the bottom of the trachea as the left and right bronchi and branch many times


701 words - 3 pages eventual organ system failure and death of the organism. Since there is no longer any essential cellular protein synthesis (back to the blocking of the mRNA polymerase), cellular function breaks down the cells die, but why the liver and kidneys? Basically, they are the bodies garbage dumps. Ewww... ● Mother mother used to make me eat them... – All the time...yet, most of the toxins are moved through the liver and kidneys, and the toxin

Human Physiology

906 words - 4 pages % (Wade). Moreover, there has been criticism on both types of tests by factions proposing either of the two tests, with each faction disputing the credibility of the other. This article has been chosen for evaluation since the subject is an essential component in the human anatomy and physiology. The colon, also referred to as the large intestine, is part of the digestive system. It receives digested food from the small intestine and extracts salt

Mice and Men

974 words - 4 pages cytes. In this case, the small size of siRNAs may have led to greater hepatic RNA interference gene therapy ........................................................................ transfection efficiency resulting in


777 words - 4 pages most common in children 5 years and younger.  - The most dangerous part of the rotavirus infection is the possible dehydration.  To be more specific vomiting for 2-3 days and diarrhea for 4-5 days can cause a great amount of water loss leading to a isotonic dehydration - There can also be neurologic symptoms that occur if an electrolyte imbalance becomes severe or direct viral infection of the central nervous system occurs.  - Rotavirus has


3462 words - 14 pages . She has multiple home medications including lactulose. She has a history of hepatitis C, pancreatitis, cirrhosis, and alcohol abuse. Patient is allergic to codeine. She is suspected to have hepatic portal hypertension. She is on Protonix, multi-vitamins, folic acid, thiamine and lactulose at home.   Skin appears to be jaundice. Seems confused and is only oriented to place. Pupil’s dilated, not reactive to light and conjunctivae pallor. Patient is

Biology Question Paper 1. Oct Nov 2012

2559 words - 11 pages 12 The diagrams show a plant in a flask of water. It is left in the light at 16 °C for six hours. cotton wool layer of oil water 6 hours 326.75 g 321.75 g balance What explains the change in mass after six hours? A B C D absorption of water into the root hairs evaporation of water from the flask photosynthesis in the leaves of the plant transpiration from the leaves of the plant 13 In the human circulatory system, what causes

The Clonidine

1162 words - 5 pages : Clonidine is a centrally acting alpha 2 adrenergic agonist that causes selective activation of alpha 2 receptors in the CNS –specifically the brainstems areas associated with autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system. By activating centrally alpha 2 receptors, clonidine reduces sympathetic outflow of blood vessels and the heart. (Lehne, R, 2010) (Abo-Zena, R., 2000)(Skidmore-Roth, L., 2009) Mechanism of Pain Relief

Laboratory Medicine Pathology Final

3111 words - 13 pages liver Bile acid secretion Degradation of heme from the breakdown of red blood cells All of the above 7. The portal vein: i. i. iii. iv. A. B. C. D. E. Carries nutrient rich blood from the intestine to the liver Carries blood away from the liver Carries more blood to liver than the hepatic artery. Drains bile from liver to gall bladder i and iii i and iv ii and iii ii and iv None of the above 8. Which vascular system connects the gastro

Therapeutic Effects of Corticosteroids

1474 words - 6 pages  subsequently  water increases blood volume and helps  maintain BP. Carbohydrate and protein metabolism They antagonize the effects of insulin and  can induce glucose intolerance by  increasing hepatic glycogenolyss and  insulin resistance. Protein breakdown is  stimulated for gluconeogenesis. Corticosteroids:  How Do They Work? Corticosteroids act on the immune system by blocking the  production of substances that trigger allergic and

Related Essays

Sbp In Liver Cirrhosis Essay

4980 words - 20 pages left, which are separated by the falciform ligament and by fissures for the ligamentum teres and ligamentum venosum. The right lobe has two minor subdivisions, the quadrate and caudate lobes, these divisions are of purely topographic significance.16 A functionally significant and clinically useful subdivision can be used to further divide liver into eight segments, each containing pedicle of portal vessels and ducts and drained by hepatic

Pathophysiology Paper

1628 words - 7 pages hepatic system is involved because of the liver’s role in generating glucose (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2008). Endocrine System The endocrine system presents our patient with her main concern of diabetes mellitus. The endocrine system is a system of glands that releases hormones and regulate the body. One of the glands that makes up the endocrine system is the pancreas. When the pancreas is impaired and does not produce enough

Vemurafenib: A Potentially New Standard Of Care?

1737 words - 7 pages the chemotherapy drug. It allows patients to feel more in control of their therapy, receive a steady dose daily of medication so that it can be working in the system continuously, and is safer for the patient than the dosing of the standard treatment of dacarbazine. Dacarbazine is given intravenously every three weeks in an infusion that can be done daily for five days in a row in small doses, or done every three weeks on one day in a higher

Oh My Lord Cherish In My Heart

1874 words - 8 pages system which is composed of portal veins that collect blood from one organ and discharge it into the other organ. In this system the veins work into the form of bundles. i. Hepatic portal system In this system all veins join to from hepatic portal vein, which further breaks up into the capillaries and allows the transfer of digested food and blood into the liver. Further form liver the blood is firstly entered into post caval vein and