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Helt Promotion Essay

5678 words - 23 pages

08/10/2014

HEALTH PROMOTION

The Effects of Socioeconomic Influences of Health
LO1
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• The notes contained in this PowerPoint presentation will cover LO1 (1.1;1.2;1.3) • Please print notes prior to attending lectures

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Learning Outcomes (LO)
On successful completion of this lecture a learner will: LO1: Understand the socio-economic influences on health 1.1 explain the effects of socio-economic influences on health. 1.2 assess the relevance of government sources in reporting on inequalities in health. 1.3 discuss reasons for barriers to accessing healthcare.

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...view middle of the document...

I hold on hard and gradually pull him to shore. I lay him out on the bank and revive him with artificial respiration. Just when he begins to breathe, I hear another cry for help.

I jump into the cold waters. I fight against the strong current, and swim forcefully to the struggling woman. I grab hold and gradually pull her to shore. I lift her out on the bank beside the man and work to revive her with artificial respiration. Just when she begins to breathe, I hear another cry for help.
I jump into the cold waters. Fighting again against the strong current, I force my way to the struggling man. I am getting tired, so with great effort I eventually pull him to shore. I lay him out on the bank and try to revive him with artificial respiration. Just when he begins to breathe, I hear another cry for help. Near exhaustion, it occurs to me that I'm so busy jumping in, pulling them to shore, applying artificial respiration that I have no time to see who is upstream pushing them all in...."
Adapted from A story told by Irving Zola - but is used in an article by John B. McKinlay in "A Case for Refocusing Upstream: The Political Economy of Illness" McKinlay, J.B. (1981)
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Public Health
• The science and art of promoting and protecting health and well-being, preventing ill-health and prolonging life through the organised efforts of society.

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Influences

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1. Your Health
There are many influences on an individual’s health. These are often categorised into:

Biological Factors
The Physical and Social Environment

Personal Lifestyle

Health Services
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2. Inequalities in Health
It is now generally recognised that there are many reasons for health inequalities. People can suffer health inequalities for many reasons, due in the main to:

The geographical area they live in. The racial group they belong to. Their gender

And, perhaps most importantly, their
social class.
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The common denominator of all these factors is that they all link to POVERTY

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4. Ethnic Health Inequalities
Today, ethnic minorities make up about 6% of the UK population
* There is variation in health amongst various racial groups. * For example, Asians are more prone to heart disease and Caribbean's have a higher incidence of mental problems

* However, one of the main reasons for ill-health inequalities amongst ethnic communities seems to arise from RACISM and DISCRIMINATION * Poor “life chances” housing opportunities. often leads to poor educational, employment and

* This leads to POVERTY and increased chances of illness and disease.
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Gender Inequalities
The GENDER you belong to can also be a contributory factor to the amount of health you enjoy
Due to 3 main factors:

 Biological
*...

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