Hearing And Visual Impairment Essay

1388 words - 6 pages

Running head: Hearing and Visual

Hearing and Visual Impairment
Bonnie J. Hatch
Grand Canyon University
SPE 526
May 19, 2010

Abstract
The abstract of this essay will include information on hearing and visual impairments. It will explain the legal definition of both, the impact that hearing and visual impairment have on a person’s development and education achievement, how humans hear and see and the degrees, types and causes of each. The essay will also go into detailed by supplying a lesson plan which will include the objectives/goals, accommodations/modifications, strategies, assessments, activities as well as including brief description of the student by submitting the ...view middle of the document...

338). It usually affects all frequencies of hearing evenly and can be helped by wearing a hearing aid or corrected medically or surgically.
According to American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) there are four main ways in which hearing loss affects children:
1. It causes delay in the development of receptive and expressive communication skills (speech and language)
2. It may have an impact on vocational choices (ASHA, 2010)
3. The language deficit causes learning problems that result in reduced academic achievement.
4. Communication difficulties often lead to social isolation and poor self-concept.
Vision is said to be a complex process, light enters the eye through the pupil and is collected by photoreceptor neurons in the retina. It then sends signals to a neuron network that then generate electrical impulses which go to the brain. The data is processed in the brain which then sends information about what we are seeing.
The educational definition of visual impairment in the IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) emphasizes the relationship between vision and learning (Heward, 2010, pp.373). Whereas the legal definition of vision impairment or blindness is “visual acuity of 20/200 or worse in the better eye with corrective lenses (20/200 means that a person at 20 feet from an eye chart can see what a person see at 200 feet) or visual field restriction to 20 degrees diameter or less (tunnel vision) in the better eye.” (Definition of Legal Blindness, 2010). Educationally, vision loss is separated into several definitions, partially sighted, low vision, legally blind and totally blind. “Partially sighted” simply means that some form of visual problem has occurred and resulted in a need for special education. Low vision refers to impairments of a severe nature which are not necessarily limited to distance vision. Legally blind is precisely the same definition as the legal definition, and totally blind refers to those students who learn via Braille and other non-visual media.
The causes of visual impairments are grouped into three broad categories: refractive errors, structural impairments and cortical visual impairments (Heward, 2010). There are also other causes of vision loss which are genetic conditions (such as Ushers syndrome), congenital issues (having been present from birth), and accident, illness or disease. Some disabilities are also associated with vision impairment such as epilepsy, down syndrome and sometimes intellectual disabilities. The areas that are particularly affected developmentally and educationally by vision loss are: concept development, interpersonal communication skills, life skills, orientation and mobility skills and academic development.
A vision or hearing loss will negatively affect a child’s development and educational journey if left unattended. There are many resources available, both medical and educational, to help the parent or teacher of a child with a vision or...

Other Papers Like Hearing and Visual Impairment

At Risk Identification Essay

2021 words - 9 pages anf effect o Inability to generalize o Delayed language development o Inadequate social skills o Low self-concept and self esteem. o Lack of motivation o Inadequate health and safety skills. Visual Impairment It refers to total absence of sight, visual acuity equal to or less that 20/200 Snellen in the better eye even after best possible correction or if the field of vision is not greater that 20 degrees

Child and Adolescent Development Essay

4929 words - 20 pages region enough to cause brain damage. f. Post- seizure or post-surgical complications. These are convulsions after the delivery of the baby which causes crippling conditions. g. Arthritis, rheumatism. These are diseases affecting the spinal column and the muscles of locomotion at the back. B. Sensory Impairments. In terms of severity of impairment, there are two classes of visual handicaps: visual impairment and blindness. 1. Visual impairment

Community Based Rehabilitation

2598 words - 11 pages , (impairment), reduced performance of activities (disability) and reduced social roles (handicap) Types of disabling conditions ✓ Physical or motor problem: These include all sorts of physical disabilities for example loss of an upper or lower limb or part of the limb, paraplegia (paralysis of the legs and lower body). ✓ Sensory problems: These include visual and auditory impairments or blindness and deafness and associated speech problems

Hsc Sensory Loss

4196 words - 17 pages development, in particular the language acquisition process, conceptual development, motor development, behaviour and personality of a person People who are deafblind can generally be separated into two groups Congenital Deafblindness - People who were born with a hearing and vision impairment. This category may also include individuals who are born hearing – sighted, but who become deafblind through accident or illness within the first months

Learning Disabilities

2514 words - 11 pages Introduction Too often when people hear disabled people they only catch the deficit terms “disabled” and that generates in them a feeling of rejection. Even if the mentalities have evolved it is still hard to “normal people” to feel at ease with disabled people and treat them as equal. Sharon Vaughn, Jeanne Shay Schumm and James W. Forgan ( 2013) listed under disabilities: mobility, visual, or hearing impairments; speech impairments; chronic

Mainstreaming the Learning Disabled

770 words - 4 pages impairment, other health impairment, serious emotional disturbance, special learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury and visual impairment. In 1975, the Congress of the United States passed the Education of All Children Act (Countinho & Repp). This landmark Act in Special Education has had numerous amendments. A 1990 amendment renamed this Act the “Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act”, or more commonly known

Global Warming

544 words - 3 pages NEED FOR THE STUDY:- Most of the self reported ratings of hearing disability which are available in Indian languages are weakly correlated with clinical measure of hearing impairment (e. g. speech intelligibility) and objective measures of benefit (Horwitz & Turner, 1997). The modified version of APHAB which was basically designed for Non-linear hearing aids is not available for the persons with hearing impairment, mainly who speak Hindi

Alderly Problems

1656 words - 7 pages over age 65 have some level of visual impairment. Cataracts are the 5th most common chronic condition in adults over age 75. Vision Changes common in older adults Presbyopia: A loss of elasticity in the lens of eye leading to a decrease in the eyes ability to change the shape of the lens to focus on near objects such as fine print and decreased ability to adapt to light. * Thickening of the lens with loss of elasticity * Decreased contrast

Inclusive Education B

3470 words - 14 pages knowledge to form a positive attitude towards learners experiencing BTL and to improve their competencies to handle these learners and to identify barriers early on. This way educators will be able to provide assistance to learners that will help them achieve success and reach their full potential in life.   Question 2 2.1 Learner with hearing impairment First of all, it is very important for me as educator to become knowledgeable on the subject

Cvp3.4 1.1 Describe the Factors to Take Into Account When Planning Healthy and Safe Indoor and Outdoor Environments and Services

838 words - 4 pages are age and stage appropriate and they carry the safety marks. Specific needs We need to take into account and accommodate children with specific need such as hearing impairment; we can do this by providing visual aids for them or sign language so they are aware of health and safety for example: placing pictures of hand being washed near toilets, if the child was running indoors you could show them a visual of a picture where it is made clear

Effects of Driving and Testing for the Elderly

1341 words - 6 pages aging adults. Over one third of people over 65 have hearing impairment. The prevalence of decline is further illustrated by psychologists Ulman Lindenberger and Paul Baltes (1994; Baltes & Lindenberger, 1997), who tested the hearing abilities of 156 participants, aged 70 to 103, from the Berlin Study of Aging. Tests of cognitive abilities showed the expected decline with age, but when the auditory evaluations were added to the equation, the

Related Essays

Rule 51 Paper

1017 words - 5 pages disability, issues with motor coordination and attention Other characteristics often associated with autism are: resistance to environmental change and / or change in daily routine unusual responses to sensory experiences In some cases, those with autism excel in math, art, and music Deaf-Blindness Deaf and blindness are impairments in hearing or an impairment of sight. It can also be a combination of the two. This impairment often

Hearing Tests Essay

1627 words - 7 pages significantly affected and this can restrict the benefit of a hearing aid. However, with appropriate training a hearing aid should allow conversational speech to be heard in quiet listening. Severe: 76-90 dB Normal conversational speech is inaudible. A hearing aid will amplify many speech sounds. Yet visual cues will assist in understanding speech. Profound: 91 dB + There is great inconsistency in the

Explain How Children And Young People�S Development Is Influenced By: A Range Of External Factors A Range Of Personal Factors

581 words - 3 pages participate in certain lessens or activities at school. A child with a disability may have to attend regular external professional appointments, they will miss out on some lessons and may find it hard to catch up with others in the class. Sensory impairment: This could be visual or hearing, if a child suffers with a hearing impairment it may also affect their speech or communication and could make them feel uncomfortable or unable to join in with others or the class when learning. Visual impairment can also affect a child’s development as they will not be able to watch and learn from others, they will have to adapt and use there other sensory skills to learn and develop.

Early Years And Learning Essay

667 words - 3 pages daily activities. They also have different facial characteristics, which can lead to bullying. Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive non-contagious disability that is also developed at birth due to the brain. This affects motor conditions that cause physical disability in human development, resulting limits in movement and posture. Sensory impairment Visual or hearing If a child has a hearing problem this would influence their development, it