Grand Canyon University
Presented in partial fulfillment of the course….
For the Degree of Nursing
To Professor April
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDE, 2010), the United States has become increasingly diverse in the last century, and approximately 36 percent of the population belongs to a racial or ethnic minority group. Though health indicators such as life expectancy and infant mortality have improved for most Americans, some minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability compared with non-minorities. One minority group in particular, the ...view middle of the document...
African Americans are also reported to have the highest mortality rates for three of them. Research has found that African Americans have higher rates of mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular disease (CVD) than their Caucasian counterparts. Cardiovascular disease was also cited as the number one cause of mortality for African Americans (CDC, 2014). Another interesting trend in the data gleamed from CDC (2014) is that:
… from 2007-2010, the largest prevalence of hypertension was among adults aged 65 years and older, African American adults, US-born adults, adults with less than a college education, adults who received public health insurance (18- 64 years old) and those with diabetes, obesity, or a disability, compared with their counterparts. The prevalence of obesity among African American adults was the largest compared to other race ethnicity groups. Note too that in 2010, Hispanic and African American adults aged 18-64 years had larger percentages without health insurance, compared with white and Asian/Pacific Islander counterparts (CDC, 2014).
Clearly, if any sort of equity in healthcare promotion and treatment is to be achieved, an examination of cultural, socioeconomic and sociopolitical barriers to health must be done. Henderson (2014) points out that there are several behaviors and lifestyle choices that can influence the development of these chronic conditions, such as uncontrolled high blood pressure, poor diet (which can lead to high cholesterol and obesity), and smoking.
Education and mentoring about health promotion and screening unhealthy behaviours, are important measures in preventing Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, and stroke. Henderson (2014) warns that while there are many educational programs available to African Americans about chronic illnesses and unhealthy behaviours, they are less likely to seek out preventive care.
Other barriers that prevent African Americans from seeking health care and wellness promotion are based on socioeconomic status, masculinity, and prejudice, not knowing or understanding the need for a physician, peer influences, and religious beliefs. (Henderson, 2014). Additionally, historical experiences such as slavery have made the African American population wary of seeking medical treatment. Therefore, finding an effective way to address these barriers becomes crucial in order to decrease the health issues and mortality rates from chronic illnesses in the African American population.
Lack of education, unhealthy behaviours, and barriers to seeking health promotion play a large part in these high mortality rates among African Americans. Yet, despite these challenges, one approach that seems feasible in health promotion prevention based on the unique needs of the African-American population, is to provide health promotion information to a variety of communities through a wellness promotion fair. Henderson (2014) states that health fairs allow you to work within...