Health Promotion Program Essay

4217 words - 17 pages

Type 2 Diabetes in Carbon County
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that can often be prevented by an increase in healthy behaviors. Despite this fact, “the number of persons at high risk of or diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is increasing all over the world” (Korkiakangas, Taanila, & Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, 2011). Carbon County Pennsylvania is one area where this disease is on the rise. It used to be referred to as adult onset diabetes because it was commonly seen in older adults, but today there is also a high incidence seen in teens and even children as young as four years old (Bowden, 2012). The increase in obesity among children is most likely the cause (Schub & Caple, 2011). A ...view middle of the document...

The county does already have some programs in place which could help in the fight for better health. The local pharmacy in the county offers free diabetes seminars each month (Carbon, 2012). The local hospital system also provides diabetes education, community wellness programs, and a fitness center (Blue, 2009). A search of the yellow pages also reveals that there are nine different fitness centers available in the county. For those who need transportation, the county does provide door to door transportation (Carbon, 2012).
The Health Problem
Type 2 diabetes is a problem in the way the body uses insulin (PubMed, 2011). Normally insulin is used to move blood sugar into cells where it is stored to be used for energy later (PubMed, 2011). This form of diabetes develops when muscle cells become resistant to insulin and are unable to store blood sugar for energy (PubMed 2011). The blood sugar that cannot get into the cells remains in the blood and causes hyperglycemia. The blood wants to drop it off somewhere so it drops it into the fat cells (Bowden, 2012). However, the high levels of insulin the body has made to try to decrease the blood sugar will eventually close the doors in the fat cells which will make losing weight difficult (Bowden, 2012). Then the fat cells secrete hormones that are meant to keep you fat (Bowden, 2012).
In addition to decreased energy stores, this disease can have long-term negative effects on the body. When the disease persists the individual can develop eye problems, problems with wound healing, foot problems, nerve damage, and kidney damage (PubMed, 2011).

Risk Factors
While there are risk factors for type 2 diabetes that cannot be changed, there are also many factors which can. Excess body weight and especially excess weight around the mid-section are risk factors for this disease (Schub & Caple, 2011). Low activity level and a poor diet can also increase the incidence (PubMed, 2011). A poor diet may include an increase in food or drinks which have high amounts of sugar, or are high in fat or low in fiber (Schub & Caple, 2011). Other contributing factors may be high blood pressure, HDL cholesterol less than 35mg/dL and triglycerides over 250 mg/dL (PubMed, 2011). Most of these risk factors can be prevented by maintaining a healthy diet, a healthy body weight, and staying active (PubMed, 2011). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) have found that weight loss and increased physical activity can decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes 58 percent in a three year period.
Studies of Current Interventions
Korkiakangas et al (2011) conducted a study to assess the motivators and barriers to physical activity for individuals at risk of Type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise has been shown to increase glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity (Korkiakangas et al., 2011). The study started with 522 participants and then had a follow up where 134 participants answered open ended...

Other Papers Like Health Promotion Program

Health Promotion in Nursing Care Essay

1131 words - 5 pages Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION IN NURSING CARE Health Promotion in Nursing Care xxxxxxxxxxx Family Health Promotion xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx Feb 12, 2010 Health Promotion in Nursing Care Now more than ever it is critical for nurses to be at the forefront of health promotion. With health care costs increasing year after year and the number of uninsured or underinsured increasing, individuals need to take more responsibility

Discussion 8 Essay

586 words - 3 pages will deposit $25 in all eligible employees HRA account. They also allow employees to sign up for Weight Watchers for a reduced fee and have support groups on campus for those involved. Chapman, L., R. Burt, J. Fry, J. Washburn, T. Haack, J. Rand, R. Plankenhorn, and S. Brachet. "Ten-year Economic Evaluation of an Incentive-based Worksite Health Promotion Program." American Journal of Health Promotion (n.d.) Ozer, I. (2013, September 01). Safety

Helath Promotion in Nursing Practice

912 words - 4 pages and treatment has begun. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the number one cause of death in the United States and affects one in three Americans. One example of tertiary health promotion for this disease is the establishment of an exercise program. 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity for most days of the week can help reduce the incidence of reoccurrence of a cardiac related issue. Walking is economical and can be divided into short sessions to

Health Promoting Young Adult Smokers

2292 words - 10 pages Health promotion is of great importance to nursing because it has long been acknowledged in nursing literature as fundamental to health care. A dramatic increase in chronic lifestyle diseases has prompted an emphasis on health promotion (Egger et al, 1990). Health promotion can be defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and to improve their health WHO (1986) cited in (Bright, 1997). However, health

Term Paper

362 words - 2 pages |Definition |Use the term in a sentence as it applies to the health care | | | |industry. | |Health Promotion |Informative services about general health |When I was pregnant there was an abundance of health

Addressing Healthy Foods and Nutritional Education with Cleveland's Youth

3125 words - 13 pages -based activities will facilitate in creating a successful health promotion program that will improve the nutritional status and health of Cleveland’s youth. Poverty, Nutrition, and Health Assessment The consequences of poverty among Cleveland’s school-age children negatively effects health and wellness of this group. Chronic hunger and malnutrition result from an insufficient food income and improper diets result in poor health (Gunderson

Wic Program

1027 words - 5 pages A Summary of the Woman, Infants, Children Nutritional Services Program Margaret Russell Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Nutritional Services is a federal program that provides health care and proper nutrition to low income pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women during a crucial time for both mothers and babies. The mission of WIC is to “safeguard the health of low-income women, infants, and children up to age 5 who are at

Workplace Wellness

1318 words - 6 pages Workplace Wellness Programs WELCOA, an organization committed to workplace wellness programs, has identified the seven best practices (“The Seven C’s”) for businesses to follow when creating a comprehensive, effective workplace health promotion program within their corporation. 1. Capture senior-level support. Approval from senior management is critical to the success of any workplace wellness program. Management has to understand the benefits

Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations

1350 words - 6 pages Health Promotion among Diverse Populations Andrelle Joseph Grand Canyon University NRS-429V Family-Centered Health Promotion Health Promotion among Diverse Populations Gee (2012) suggested that Health is the basic need for the realization and the attainment of higher levels of human development index (HDI). For instance, greater adherence to healthy living conditions

Program Evaluation Overview

2263 words - 10 pages program evaluations to verify that the organizational benchmarks are met, identifying any problems standing in the way of the success of the organization’s long-term goals, and ensuring the goals and rewards remain attainable. Important issues must be addressed in health programs evaluations to determine if a health promotion is successful, as stated by Sanders, et. al. (2005, p. 134-135). These issues are a) “… understanding the health promotion

Health Promotion Among the Hispanic

1129 words - 5 pages environmental changes that will reduce/eliminate the barriers to change, and mobilizing resources for making healthy lifestyle changes. References Castro, F. G., Balcazar, H., & Cota, M. (2008). Health Promotion in Latino Populations: Program Planning, Development, and Evaluation [Educational standards]. Retrieved from Sagepub: CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Office of Minority

Related Essays

Health Promotion Program Tool Essay

907 words - 4 pages Chronic Disease Guidelines - Health Promotion Program Tool Health Promotion Program Plan Date Location Remote Indigenous community Problem The number of 12-17 year old males coming to the health centre with respiratory problems in MayJuly of each year has progressively increased by at least 5% every year for the last 5 years Need for HP activity (Why is the activity needed) Preventable illness Increasing presentations to centre Team

Week 3 Health Promotion Program Essay

1388 words - 6 pages Health Promotion Program April Winspear HCA/250 July 31,2011 Health Promotion Program In the workplace of Leather Fashion Company, many people are obese and do not exercise. Some employees smoke cigarettes and have a hard time breathing, but do not know how to quit. Many employees eat at fast food restaurants for lunch and then feel groggy upon returning to work. Among the diversity of employees regarding socioeconomic range, age

Health Promotion Essay

930 words - 4 pages this article obesity presents a higher risk for developing chronic conditions. These conditions may include diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, heart disease, respiratory disorders, and sleep disorders. Secondary health promotion for obese patients may include taking a daily aspirin to reduce the chances of having a stroke. They may also include recommending regular exams or being put on a regular exercise program. Public health and health

Health Promotion Essay

1060 words - 5 pages -secondary-tertiary-disease-prevention Orsborn, Georgina. (2009). The Impact of an Academic/Community Partnership: Student Nurses’ Experience of a Collaborative Health Promotion Project. Whitieria Nursing Journal. Retrieved from Whittemore, Melkus, Alexander, Zibel, Viseone, Muench. (2010). Implementation of a Lifestyle Program in primary care by Nurse Practioners. Journal of the American Academy